Embattled Sudan closes overseas missions, reduces staff

3 May 2018

Sudan President Al-Bashir. Link to image.

Faced by serious economic crisis, Sudan has shut 13 of its overseas missions and ordered job cuts at the foreign ministry.

President Omar al-Bashir gave the order , according to report on Thursday.

Bashir’s order comes days after he fired foreign minister Ibrahim Ghandour after he said Sudanese diplomats abroad had not been paid for months.

“President Omar al-Bashir issued a decree ordering the closing of 13 Sudanese diplomatic missions,” the official SUNA news agency reported early Thursday, quoting the decree.

It did not name which missions were to be shuttered.

The president also ordered seven other missions to reduce their diplomatic staff to just one person, and a broader 20 percent cut to administrative staff at all missions, SUNA reported.

“The decisions have been taken in order to cut costs given the economic situation in the country,” the decree said, according to SUNA.

Bashir’s order, in addition, included the dismissal of the entirety of the administrative staff at the foreign ministry, with diplomats taking over their duties, the agency reported.

There were no figures on how many job cuts were to take place in total.

Sudan has been facing financial difficulties amid an acute shortage of hard foreign currency that has seen the African country’s economic crisis worsen.

Ghandour had been the first official to portray a grim picture of the country’s economic woes publicly when he told parliament in April that for months Sudanese diplomats had not been paid and many wanted to return to Khartoum.

Bashir sacked him a day later on April 19.

Sudan has been hit hard by an acute shortage of foreign currency that has seen the pound plunging against the dollar, forcing the central bank to devalue it twice since January.

Expectations of a quick economic revival had been high after Washington lifted a trade embargo.

But officials say the situation has not changed at all as international banks continue to be wary of doing business with Sudanese banks.

Sudan’s overall economy was hit particularly hard after the south separated from the north in 2011, taking with it about 75 per cent of oil earnings.

A surging inflation rate of about 56 percent, regular fuel shortages and rising prices of food items have triggered sporadic anti-government protests in Khartoum and some other towns.

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Sudan: Al Bashir Promises to ‘Rebuild the Sudan Armed Forces’

8 March 2018

El Obeid — The President of Sudan, Omar Al Bashir, has promised ‘to re-build the Sudanese Armed Forces and to equip them with up-to-date technologies’. He also undertook to raise army salaries.

Speaking today at the inauguration the Fifth Infantry Division Officer’s Club in El Obeid, capital of North Kordofan, Al Bashir said: “The armed forces have the most advanced military factories in the region and weapons and ammunition used by the army are made by Sudanese factories,” the official Sudan News Agency (SUNA) reports.

Speaking in his capacity as Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan Armed Forces, Al Bashir added that “Sudan has been enjoying a real peace thanks to the efforts of the military.

“We will work to make salaries of members of the army be the highest in the country,” he said, pointing to “huge sacrifices by members of the armed forces in maintaining the security and stability amid plots being interwoven against Sudan’s stability and security.”

Arms embargo

In July 2004 UN Security Council resolution 1556 imposed an open-ended arms embargo on all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in North Darfur, South Darfur, and West Darfur in reaction to the ongoing human rights abuses and deteriorating humanitarian situation in the region.

The arms embargo was strengthened by subsequent UN Security Council resolution 1591 (March 2005) however UN panels of experts repeatedly observed military equipment in Darfur for which there was good reason to assume that it was delivered to Sudan after that date.

In October 2010 Security Council resolution 1945 further strengthened the arms embargo by deciding that all States shall ensure that any sale or supply of arms and related materiel to Sudan not prohibited by resolutions 1556 and 1591, are made conditional upon the necessary end user documentation so that States may ascertain that any such sale or supply is conducted consistent with the measures imposed by those resolutions.

Addis meeting

The office of the UN Secretary-General fielded critical questions regarding a confirmed meeting between Antonio Guterres and Al Bashir occurred in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa on the periphery of the African Union summit in late January. At the daily press briefing in New York on January 31, UN deputy spokesman Farhan Haq told reporters that it occurred out of “operational necessity”, and that “the rules of procedures were followed” in terms of informing the ICC prosecution of such a meeting.

US sanctions

In October 2017, the USA issued a decision to lift a 20-year trade embargo on Sudan, however the decision leaves other sanctions in place for the time being, including those against individuals with arrest warrants related to atrocities committed during the conflict in Darfur. And it does not remove Sudan from the list of state sponsors of terrorism.


In addition to those deployed internally, Sudan has had hundreds of troops in Yemen since 2015 to bolster the mostly Gulf Arab alliance fighting the Iran-allied Houthi movement. The coalition includes the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Senegal and Sudan.

In April 2017, five Sudanese soldiers were killed when Yemeni forces backed by the coalition took control of a volcanic mountain on a road toward the Khalid bin al-Waleed military base, a key stronghold of the Houthis in southwestern Taiz province.

In June 2017, 17 Sudanese soldiers were killed and dozens more wounded at Midi of Hajjah province, in north-west Yemen.

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Tonj state governor orders youth to surrender guns

March 2, 2018 (TONJ) – The newly appointed governor of South Sudan’s Tonj state, Anthony Bol Madut has issued an order calling for disarming of all youth involved in community clashes within the state.

Dozens were killed in clashes that occurred in Tonj last week.

Clashes between the Twic and Kongoor communities on Saturday also left more than 20 people, state authorities told Sudan Tribune.

The incident, officials said, was started when youth from Twic county raided cattle from the grazing land of Kongoor in Jal-wau county.

Despite the skirmishes, normal situation has reportedly been restored.

A disarmament order was on Thursday ordered by the governor, calling on all armed civilians to handover their guns within a week.

“All the chiefs, community leaders and commissioners are directed to inform the armed civilians to lay down their guns or gather their guns under their chiefs and hand them over to the government,” said the governor.

A peace conference, he stated, will take place after the disarmament process.

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German institute donates books to S. Sudan cultural center

Goethe Institut in Berlin (Getty). Link to image.






December 7, 2017 (JUBA) – Goethe Institut, a German-based institute, has donated 200 books to the Aggrey Jaden Cultural Centre, which develops children through arts and music creativity.

At the center, children aged 5 to 13 years are taught art and craft, drawing and molding, formal education, music and tree planting.

“To keep children out of trouble or doing bad things after they come back from school or when they are on holidays, the after school program with music, African drum beating lessons for boys and girls keeps them busy till they go home in the evening,” the center said in a statement extended to Sudan Tribune.

Lack of funds run these activities at the cultural center attracted the German embassy that saw Goethe Institut donate childrens’ books.

Also, through the German embassy’s small scale project fund, the cultural center had been earmarked to receive a simple solar backup system and a water tank, which will facilities its activities.

“Now, the centre can offer a new activity for the kids: 200 kids’ books age 2 up to 15 are given by German Goethe Institut to the center. Story reading and self-reading time will be the new activity to encourage the children to read and learn”, the center further noted.

The Aggrey Jaden Cultural Center is a community-based non-profit cultural organization located in Juba. It was founded by a former administrator in the old Sudan in 1924, who passed on in 1985.

The centre was established with the aim and vision of changing peoples’ lives by giving back to the community through art and music.

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African leaders must ask themselves whether they are promoting peace or self-interest: Mogae

Former President of Botswana Festus Mogae attends a private pre-Oscar dinner celebrating Diamonds In Africa hosted by Julianne Moore at the Chateau Marmont on February 21, 2009 in West Hollywood,

Former President of Botswana Festus Mogae attends a private pre-Oscar dinner celebrating Diamonds In Africa hosted by Julianne Moore at the Chateau Marmont on February 21, 2009 in West Hollywood, 
Image: David Livingston/WireImage


Former Botswana president Festus Mogae says African leaders should ask themselves whether they are promoting peace or have departed from the values of ubuntu and acquired a selfish character that encourages self-interest.

He was a keynote speaker during the annual Chief Albert Luthuli Memorial Lecture at the University of KwaZulu-Natal’s Westville campus on Saturday.

This year marks 50 years since Luthuli‚ the longest serving ANC president‚ died under mysterious circumstances on July 21 1967.

Mogae described Luthuli as one of the “historic and heroic figures in Africa’s political history” whose major strategy “was peaceful resistance and a passionate belief in peaceful co-existence of people‚ communities and nations”.

He said Luthuli’s values should continue to be the lodestar of African leadership today.

“Chief Luthuli bequeathed to us a tradition of tolerance‚ love‚ mutual respect‚ multiracialism and above all peaceful settlement of differences in all spheres of life. He remains not only an inspiration to African leaders‚ but also a symbol of peace upon which we should reflect and from which we should learn.”

He said Luthuli was an effective and impactful leader who believed in peaceful co-existence‚ social harmony‚ freedom and equality before the law.

“The question that arises for us who received peace as the most powerful tool from Chief Albert Luthuli and others like Nelson Mandela‚ is whether or not‚ as African leader of today we are promoting peace and leading peaceful communities and societies.

“In other words‚ are treating the peaceful character of African leadership and forefathers sacredly and respectfully or have we departed from the values of ubuntu and acquired the individualistic and selfish character that encourages a culture of exclusive self-interest which contradicts the African communal personality?

“Is this why throughout the continent‚ families‚ communities and nations are tearing each other apart like Cain killing his brother Abel?”

Mogae‚ who is the current chairman of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission on the Implementation of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan‚ said Luthuli was a “distinguished man of peace” whose voice could not be drowned by the oppressor.

“In winning the Nobel Peace Prize‚ it testified to Chief Luthuli’s long commitment to peaceful resolution of differences.”

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U.S. diplomat says religious freedom key to improving ties with Sudan

Crux Staff Nov 19, 2017

In this photo from 2015, an election banner supports President Omar al-Bashir, in Khartoum, Sudan. (Credit: Mosa’ab Elshamy/AP.)

A leading U.S. diplomat visiting Sudan said the United States is willing to work with the Sudanese government to help it achieve the conditions necessary to remove its designation as a “Country of Particular Concern” in the U.S. State Department’s annual International Religious Freedom Report.

Deputy Secretary of State John J. Sullivan was speaking on Nov. 17 at the Al-Neelain Mosque in Omdurman, located on the western bank of the Nile River, which separates it from the national capital.

Sullivan said “supporting human rights, including religious freedom, has been, and will continue to be, a critical part of the United States’ bilateral engagement with Sudan.”

The event at the mosque included leading Muslim and Christian clergy. Sudan is 97 percent Muslim, and the small Christian community has faced harassment, especially since the predominantly Christian and animist south of the country became the independent state of South Sudan in 2011.

The State Department’s 2016 International Religious Freedom Report cited reports of government arresting, detaining, or intimidating Christian clergy and church members, denying permits for the construction of new churches, closing or demolishing existing churches and attempting to close church schools, restricting non-Muslim religious groups and missionaries from operating in or entering the country, and censoring religious materials and leaders.

It is not only Christians who face harassment. Ethnic minorities have also been the victims of military campaigns against the government, and Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir is wanted by the International Criminal Court on genocide charges linked to conflict in the Darfur region.

Despite the fact Sudan is designated by the State Department as a state sponsor of terrorism, the Obama administration in 2015 sought to improve relations with Khartoum.

In June 2016, Sudan and the United States initiated a historic framework for improving ties between the two countries, the so-called Five Track Engagement Plan.

The plan called for Sudan to end hostilities in conflict regions such as Darfur, Kordofan, and the areas bordering South Sudan; improve access for humanitarian agencies in the country; refrain from interfering in South Sudan; cooperate with regional efforts against the Ugandan militant group, the Lord’s Resistance Army; and cooperate with the United States in counter-terrorism efforts.

Citing progress in these areas, the U.S. government last month ended some sanctions against the Sudanese government.

It achieved another victory on Nov. 16, when Sudan said it will cut all military and trade ties to North Korea, further isolating Pyongyang.

However, Sullivan said much work remains to be done, especially in the area of human rights.

 He said the reason he was meeting with Muslims and Christians in a mosque was to “emphasize that the United States cares deeply about religious freedom in Sudan.

“Interfaith understanding, respect, and the protection of religious freedom and other human rights are bulwarks against extremism,” the U.S. diplomat said.

“Religious tolerance is a building block of peace and security and is the mark of responsible governance. The treatment of members of religious minorities is often the ultimate indicator of a government’s commitment to these values.”

Sullivan said by taking steps to enhance protections for religious freedom, the Sudanese government will make the entire country more stable and secure.

During their meetings with government officials, the U.S. delegation in Sudan suggested the government convene a roundtable with members of religious minority groups about property registration issues.

Sullivan said this was because officials had told the delegation registration problems have been used as the rationale for the demolitions of places of worship.

“The Government of Sudan, including the Federal States, should also immediately suspend demolitions of places of worship, including churches and mosques,” he said.

Sullivan brought up the history of the Catholic Church in the United States as an example of how a country can move from religious distrust to a more pluralistic society.

“I am the grandson of Irish-Catholic immigrants who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in the 1880s. At the time they arrived – and for many decades that followed – Catholics in the United States faced widespread prejudice based on their religion,” he said. “When John F. Kennedy – another Catholic from my home state – ran for president of the United States in 1960, he even had to give a prominent speech to reassure the nation that his faith was compatible with the duties of the office of president.”

Sullivan said recalling such history “seems quaint” today, but added it took many decades – “it was not easy” – to reach the point where it is “nearly unthinkable” that one’s status as a Catholic in the United States would serve as a disadvantage to a person’s ambitions for life.

“The American experience in this regard underscores that respect for the human dignity of every person – regardless of religious belief or origin – is a key component of not only protecting human rights, but also fostering a society that can flourish, build upon each other’s strengths, and move forward together,” he said.

Sullivan concluded by saying he was “deeply encouraged” by his meetings with Sudanese government and civil society representatives, and said the religious leaders he met were a “deep source of inspiration.

“Indeed, there are challenges that lie ahead, but we should all have reason for hope and optimism about the growing engagement between our two countries,” he said.

U.S. President Donald Trump has promised that the protection and promotion of religious freedom is a foreign policy priority for his administration.

This article incorporates material from the Associated Press.

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‘Eight Sudanese church leaders detained in six weeks’

October 8 – 2017 KHARTOUM
The church of El Gadisiya in eastern Khartoum, demolished by the authorities on 15 May 2017 (worldwatchmonitor.org)

The church of El Gadisiya in eastern Khartoum, demolished by the authorities on 15 May 2017 (worldwatchmonitor.org)


According to the World Watch Monitor (WWM), the Sudanese authorities are trying to intervene in the affairs of several denominations in the country. Eight church leaders were detained and questioned in the past six weeks.

Observers fear a campaign developed by the Sudanese government to seize control of the country’s churches, the Christian organisation reported on Wednesday.

Mahjoub Abuterin, a senior leader of the Sudan Church of Christ (SCOC) was held in Omdurman, the twin city of Khartoum, on 22 September. He was released again after questioning. But it is not known whether he has been charged with any offence.

The WWM claims Khartoum has been trying to manage the affairs of several denominations in the country by removing church-appointed leaders, and states that Abuterin was held because he refused to let government officials take over the leadership of his church.

Last month, security officials told four other members of SCOC’s leadership committee that charges would be brought against them because they refused to let officials take over the premises of the church’s office.

In August, seven senior SCOC leaders were held and questioned before being released on bail. Among them was Kuwa Shemaal, the Head of Missions of the church. He was previously detained in December 2015, and released on 2 January this year because of a lack of evidence. Two others detained with him were released in May.

“Christians in Sudan are facing a prolonged campaign of intimidation waged by the government, which has included the confiscation of their properties,” WWM says. “The persecution of Christians in the country has increased since the Christian-majority south seceded from the Muslim-majority north in 2011.”

The Sudanese Minister of Guidance and Endowments announced in April 2013 that no new licenses would be granted to build new churches in the country, claiming there is no need for new church buildings because many mainly Christian South Sudanese refugees returned to their own country after the secession of South Sudan in 2011.

Double discrimination’

In April this year, Sudan Democracy First Group (SDFG) warned for an “expansion of the religious discrimination against Christians in Sudan”.

The Kampala-based Sudanese think-tank stated that “Since 2011, repeated attempts to confiscate the properties of the Sudanese churches and their endowments, and increasing implementation of various types of restrictions on activities of Sudanese Christians, have been made.

“This clearly demonstrates growing and continuous trends of systematic discrimination against Christians in Sudan.

“An additional layer of discrimination becomes visible, when taking into account that large proportions of Sudanese Christians are originating from the conflict zones in the Nuba Mountains. Security forces have thereby additionally labelled their religious communities as a security threat,” SDFG stated.


Radio Dabanga reported in August that the police of Central Omdurman ordered Rev. Yahya Abdelrahman, the head of the Anglican Evangelical Church and his deputy to evacuate their house, because an investor claimed he owned the land property rights.

Abdelrahman said that a force of court police, accompanied by an investor, forced him and his deputy to evacuate the house of the Evangelical Church at El Mulazimin in Omdurman. The decision apparently was issued by the Omdurman Central Court.

“The court judge insisted on the implementation of the decision, despite the fact that the house number was not identical to the house referred to in the decision,” he stated.

In May, a church in southern Khartoum’s Soba Aradi was bulldozed to the ground. Two pastors were detained for several hours. Three months earlier, the demolition of 27 churches in Khartoum was delayed after an appeal was made to the Khartoum North Court of Appeal.


A conflict between the Sudanese Ministry of Guidance and the Evangelical Church over land reportedly triggered the killing of a young Christian man Yunan at the courtyard of the Evangelical Church and School in Omdurman in early April.

An investor had reportedly bought or leased the land. When he tried to seize the school by force, Christian youth staged a sit-in in the church building.

A police force then raided the premises on 3 April, and detained 13 of the protesters on charges of trespassing. A member of the committee that signed the contract to the site stabbed Yunan Abdallah to death and seriously wounded another.

The SDFG report refers to a similar incident that occurred in July last year, when security forces stormed the Evangelical School in Khartoum North with five heavily armed vehicles. They detained 19 Evangelical priests, elders, and students, who were holding a peaceful sit-in to protest the selling of the church land to an investor.

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New cholera cases in Central Darfur and Sennar, hepatitis in Blue Nile

September 18 – 2017 ZALINGEI / EL SOUKI / ED DAMAZIN
Cholera bacteria (Himachal Live)

Cholera bacteria (Himachal Live)


Seven new cholera cases were recorded in the camps for the displaced near Zalingei, capital of Central Darfur, over the weekend. The isolation centre in Nierteti received four new patients. Cholera is spreading again in eastern Sudan’s Sennar. Hundreds of people have reportedly been infected with Hepatitis B in Blue Nile state’s Geissan.

El Shafee Abdallah, Coordinator of the Central Darfur camps for the displaced told Radio Dabanga that two new cases of cholera were recorded in Khamsa Dagayeg camp on Friday, and five in Hamidiya camp on Friday and Saturday.

The number of cholera patients being treated at the isolation centre of the Zalingei Royal Hospital reached 13 on Sunday.

A medical source reported to this station from Nierteti on Sunday that the isolation unit of the Nierteti Hospital recorded four new cases of cholera over the weekend. “Three patients come from Nierteti, while the fourth came from the camp for the displaced north of the town”.

There are currently ten people being treated for cholera at the isolation ward of Nierteti Hospital, he said.


The hospital of El Souki received eight new cholera patients over the weekend.

A pregnant woman in her seventh month died of the infectious disease on Sunday, a medical doctor reported to this station.

He said more cases are expected to reach the hospital, “because of the easy transmission of infection and the deterioration of the environment “.


At least 400 people have been infected with hepatitis B in Village 10 in Geissan locality in the south-east of Blue Nile state.

A doctor in El Damazin, capital of Blue Nile state, called on the residents of Geissan to exercise caution to prevent infection with hepatitis B.

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U.S considering more sanctions, arms embargo on S. Sudan

September 11, 2017 (JUBA) – The United States government is considering the imposition of further targeted sanctions and an arms embargo on South Sudan if its warring factions do not agree on how to resolve the ongoing war, diplomatic sources told Sudan Tribune.

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Donald Trump gestures during a campaign rally in in Colorado Springs, Colorado, U.S., July 29, 2016. (Reuters Photo)

The proposal was, however, rejected by Russia, which reportedly argued that such a move would not be effective since the war-torn East African nation was already in possession of plenty of illegal arms.

On Wednesday last week, the U.S government imposed sanctions on two serving South Sudanese officials and the ex-military chief of staff, accusing them of fueling and profiting from the country’s civil war.

The U.S Treasury Department in said a statement on website that it had blacklisted Malek Reuben Riak Rengu, deputy chief of defense for logistics in the SPLA; Paul Malong, former army chief who was dismissed in May; and Minister of Information Michael Makuei Lueth.

The measures freeze any assets in the U.S or tied to the U.S financial system belonging to the three men. The U.S Treasury said Riak was central to weapons procurement during the first few years of the conflict and helped plan an offensive in Unity State in April 2015.

It also accused him of issuing military contracts at inflated prices “in order to receive extensive kickbacks. The U.S. Treasury blacklisted All Energy Investments, A+ Engineering, Electronics & Media Printing and Mak International Services which it said was owned or controlled by Malek. The Treasury said former chief of staff Malong “did not discourage” the killing of civilians around the town of Wau last year.

The U.S Treasury also accused the South Sudanese information minister of attacks against the U.N mission in South Sudan and obstructing peacekeeping and humanitarian operations in the country.

In July 2015, the United Nations Security Council imposed sanctions on six South Sudanese generals accused of fuelling conflict in the world’s youngest nation. The generals, three from each side of the conflict, were meant to face global travel bans and asset freezes.

However, in November 2016, the U.S demanded the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Malong and minister Lueth for hampering the peace process in the world’s youngest nation.

The armed opposition faction (SPLM-IO) leader, also the country’s former First Vice President, Riek Machar was also on the proposed list.

South Sudan’s civil war has killed tens of thousands of people and displaced more than two million people since it broke out in mid-December 2013.


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Danish minister pledges humanitarian assistance to S. Sudan

September 2, 2013 (JUBA) – The Danish Minister of Development Cooperation, Ulla Tørnæs has pledged to continue providing humanitarian aid to South Sudan as millions struggle to survive because of a lack of food, water, healthcare and basic shelter.

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People in conflict-affected areas of South Sudan collect food from WFP (WFP/eter Testuzza Photo)

Tørnæs was in war-torn South Sudan where he met the head of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), David Shearer.

Shearer briefed the Danish minister on the political, security and the humanitarian situation in the war-torn East African country.

The two officials reportedly discussed the challenges of protecting civilians and building durable peace in a country where millions of people have fled their homes because of the civil war that erupted in 2013 following a political dispute within South Sudan’s ruling party.

“We are very worried about the humanitarian situation with two million refugees in the neighbouring countries and two million internally displaced people as well as learning about the humanitarian workers having difficulty in access and doing their work,” said the Danish minister.

“We are contributing right now, about $30 million US dollars to the humanitarian assistance and I look forward to continue very strong Danish support to the humanitarian situation in South Sudan,” she added.

The Danish official also held meetings with the South Sudanese minister of foreign affairs and his humanitarian affairs counterpart, with discussions reportedly focused on implementation of the August 2015 peace agreement.

“I really urge the politicians of South Sudan to make sure that peace will come. Peace and security are necessary to create prosperity so that the streets of Malakal can once again boom with life and business,” stressed Tørnæs.

Over the last three years, the Danish government has reportedly provided US$12 million in development assistance to South Sudan.


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