In the US and Sudan, women face similar hurdle in seeking justice

May 16, 2018

(CNN)The clock is ticking for 19-year-old Noura Hussein. Last Thursday, Hussein, who was forced into marriage at age 15, was sentenced to death in a courtroom in Omdurman, Sudan. Hussein stabbed and killed her husband when he tried to rape her.

At the court hearing, the husband’s family refused to forgive Hussein or accept blood money, a legal option that would have allowed Hussein to go free. The judge imposed the death penalty, giving her lawyer two weeks to file an appeal. Hussein’s lawyer says he is facing an intimidation campaign allegedly waged by Sudan’s National Intelligence Security Service, which does not like the attention the case is garnering.
Hussein’s case, and the ghastly punishment imposed on a woman whose only crime was defending herself against rape, has since gone viral under the hashtag #JusticeForNoura. A petition has over half a million signatures, and human rights organizations such as Amnesty International and Equality Now have issued statements demanding a pardon. Much of this activism highlights the fact that Sudan does not criminalize marital rape and that the outcome in Hussein’s case would have been less unjust had she been elsewhere.
But this is untrue.
The United States regularly imposes long prison sentences on women accused of killing the men who physically, emotionally and psychologically abused them. According to the American Civil Liberties Union, up to 90% of women in prison who were convicted of killing men had been abused by them. Nor are they always spared the death penalty that hangs over Hussein’s head. A 2012 study found that of the 61 women serving time on death rows in various states, one-fifth had been convicted of killing an intimate partner.
Marital rape, while criminalized in the United States, also remains a vastly under-reported and under-prosecuted crime. According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, 14% of American women will be raped by their husbands. Despite this, the coalition says, an alarming number of Americans do not believe marital rape is even rape.
Nor are these tales from an America that existed long ago. On the very day that Hussein was sentenced in Sudan, the state of Ohio charged Claudia Hoerig with the murder of her husband, after she confessed to killing him because she claims she was tired of mental and sexual abuse. (Her husband’s family and friends deny there was any abuse.) She is being held in jail on $10 million bond. If she is convicted, and many scores of women who kill their abusers are indeed convicted by a jury of their peers, her only way out would be to hope for a pardon from the governor of Ohio.
Things were not always quite so bad for the Noura Husseins of the United States. There was a time when it looked like they were on the cusp of a legal revolution. In 1979, Dr. Lenore Walker first put forth Battered Woman Syndrome as a theory underscoring the particular effects that domestic violence has on a woman’s psyche. Called as an expert witness in Ibn-Tamas v. United States, a case in which a wife was accused of killing her husband, Walker testified that the accused did indeed exhibit symptoms similar to the 110 women she had studied, highlighting the feelings of helplessness and fear that push women to stay in abusive relationships.
The case was the first in which a jury was permitted to consider expert testimony of what an abuse victim believed to be true and the question of why a woman would kill rather than simply leave. While Hussein was literally “forced” to marry, women suffering Battered Woman Syndrome experience implicit terror that prevents them from leaving.
But critics were already champing at the bit, eager to shred the battered woman defense. No sooner than it was permitted as evidence in the Ibn-Tamas case, critics cast the admission of such testimony as an open encouragement to violent self-help. Exonerating women on the basis of Battered Woman Syndrome was, they argued, equal to telling all women with violent intimate partners that it was OK to take the law into their own hands and kill their abusers without fear of punishment. To women who wanted to kill, it was an avenue of getting away with murder — with just a bit of pretense at being abused.
The exact number of women serving time in US prisons for killing their abusive partners is unknown (the prison service does not collect data on this), but the critics of Battered Woman Syndrome have won a partial victory. While most state courts in the United States permit some evidence of Battered Woman Syndrome today, all sorts of restrictions and limitations have been tacked on to the issue and its treatment state-to-state is far from uniform.
In Indiana, for example, the Indiana Supreme Court ruled that evidence of Battered Woman Syndrome could only be admitted as part of an insanity defense. To be an abused woman who kills in Indiana, then, is to be a completely crazy woman. If Hussein’s case was tried under this law, she would have to prove she was insane at the moment she stabbed her husband. Success or exoneration in that scenario would likely still require her to be treated at a psychiatric facility for a considerable amount of time.
The #JusticeforNoura hashtag has attracted attention and ire because of its draconian details and likely because it imagines misogyny as a faraway crime, its egregiousness a special species of Sudanese and Islamic laws.
Many assume that a young woman like Hussein would never face such a fate in the United States, which is imagined as far different from Sudan, which, in the words of Yasmeen Hassan from Equality Now, “is an extremely patriarchal place and gender norms are very strongly enforced.”
So, it seems, is the United States. American juries and judges, far from Sudan and not subject to Islamic law, regularly paint abused women as scheming assassins, their actions motivated by money or anger, rather than helplessness.
Hussein deserves more than a hashtag — she deserves justice and a transnational and intersectional movement underscoring that it is not just Sudanese men or Muslim men or African men who impose draconian and cruel punishments on women. Hussein’s sisters in American prisons are also condemned because they were brave enough to save themselves. They sit and wait, just like she does, for pardons or clemency or the fruition of some feminist awakening that will save them.
In Sudan, Hussein faces death. In the United States, she would likely face a lifetime in jail. The world, it appears, has little room for women who refuse to submit.
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Sudan monthly inflation hits new record

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May 16, 2018 (KHARTOUM) – Prices in Sudan continue to rise as inflation gained 2 percent last April hitting a new record, said the Central Statistics Bureau in a statement released on Wednesday.

The state statistics agency said the prices rose to 57.6 percent in April from 55.6 percent in March, adding that the increase in food and drinks price has largely contributed to the inflation.

Traders in Khartoum complain from the negative impact of the inflation saying they continue to see a net loss of clients and express fear of a recession period.

For their part, clients point to the vertiginous rise in the price saying it is unjustified.

Nowadays, Sudan experiences a fuel shortage crisis due to the lack of hard currency in the country. The fuel crisis impacts negatively on the prices.

Also, with the beginning of 2018, the government decided to remove subsidies on bread and double the price.

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Sudan woman flogged for marrying without father’s consent

2018-05-16 15:01

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Sudanese police lashed a woman 75 times on Tuesday after a court found her guilty of marrying a man without her father’s consent, her lawyer and rights activists said.

The woman, a native of the war-torn Darfur region, was flogged at a police station in Omdurman, the twin city of Khartoum, after having served a six-month prison sentence.

The punishment was meted out less than a week after another Sudanese court condemned to death a teenager for killing her husband who had allegedly raped her.

“She completed her six months in jail and today she was flogged 75 times” as ordered by the court, lawyer Azza Mohamed Ahmed told AFP.

 Ahmed said her client was put on trial after the father refused to approve her marriage to a man of her own choice. “She and the man then got married and lived together for a year,” the lawyer said, adding that the couple now have a two-month-old baby.

“Her family then filed a case against her, accusing her of living with a man illegitimately and of having sex outside of marriage.”

Ahmed said the court found her client guilty of marrying without her father’s consent as required under the Muslim country’s law.

Her husband was sentenced to two years in prison.

“Today her punishment is complete,” the lawyer said, adding that the woman was released and would stay at the house she lived with her husband.

Amnesty International, contacted by AFP, confirmed the woman’s conviction and flogging, saying it would follow up the case.

A women’s rights activist said she witnessed the flogging.

Guilty of ‘intentional murder’

“I was holding her baby in my hands as the ordeal unfolded in front of me,” said Tahani Abbas, a member of Don’t Oppress Women, a Sudanese NGO.

“This was the most painful sight, especially for a women’s rights activist,” she told AFP.

Last Thursday, another court sentenced to death Noura Hussein Hamad for killing a man she had been forced to marry at the age of 16.

According to Amnesty, Hammad, now 19, stabbed her husband in self-defence after he raped her.

But a court found her guilty of “intentional murder”.

Activists have stepped up a campaign against forced unions and the marriage of underage girls, a common phenomenon in Sudan where the law allows marriage from the age of 10.

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44 youths from Kenya, South Sudan head for YALI training

NAIROBI, Kenya, May 11 – 44 young African leaders have been urged to change the face of entrepreneurship and leadership in Africa.

Outgoing US Ambassador to Kenya Robert Godec said the Washington-based programme gives young Africans an opportunity to visit America and develop new skills to use in defining the future of Africa/SAM WANJOHI. Link to image.

The youths drawn from Kenya and South Sudan to participate in this year’s Young African Leadership Initiative (YALI) Washington Fellowship are due to leave the country in June.

Outgoing US Ambassador to Kenya Robert Godec said the Washington-based programme gives young Africans an opportunity to visit America and develop new skills to use in defining the future of Africa.

“We are excited to take these young leaders to the United States but more importantly, are excited about the energy, creativity, and drive they will bring back to Kenya after the fellowship,” he said during at his residence in Nairobi on Wednesday.

“I am sure that this programme has a bright future because it is having an impact. I am very grateful that we are able to do it and I look forward to the programme continuing.”

Karen Langat, a nurse midwife at the Moi Referral Hospital in Eldoret who is among the successful applicants said she hopes to take advantage of the opportunity that is geared towards connecting young African leaders with resources from the US Government.

She indicated that the experimental field trips are part of measures to build the can-do attitude in the emerging leaders and challenge them to venture into different sectors to change the face of entrepreneurship in Africa.

“We are not going to the US as students, we are going as experts in our own right because we are professionals. We are business owners, are civil leaders. So we are going there also leaders. It is only that we are going to bounce ideas off each other and learn from each other. So I think it will be an awesome experience,” stated Langat, who specializes in obstetrics and gynaecology.

AMREF Health Youth Advocacy co-ordinator Peter Ngure and Sophia Nkatha from Tharaka Nthi said encouraged young African leaders to join the network, which is an opportunity to build relationship through the US into a network of young people across Africa.

“Community and grassroots organisation up to now has been a big pillar in American development and I would like to learn a little bit of that and bring that experience to my county, Laikipia and Kenya,” stated Ngure, who is running a project aimed at building the capacity among the young people to be able to engage their county governments in matters gender and reproductive health.

“I am the first Mandela Washington Fellow from my county, I am very excited. I want to mentor other women in my Tharaka-Nithi County to apply for this programme so that we can continue with the work of empowering young women in my community,” Nkatha who has also been placed to study civil leadership.

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Nigerian diplomat found dead in Sudan capital

11 May 2018 – 06:45

The Nigerian is the second diplomat to have died in Khartoum in less than a year. Link to image.

A Nigerian diplomat has been found dead at his home in Khartoum, Nigeria’s government and Sudanese police said Thursday, with the latter investigating what it called a “criminal act”.

“An employee in the consular section of the Nigerian embassy was found dead at his home in Khartoum,” Sudanese police said in a statement.

“Preliminary investigation shows that the death was due to a criminal act and not politically motivated,” the statement added.

The Nigerian foreign ministry confirmed the death of the diplomat and described him as an “immigration attache”.

“We have to wait for a formal report from our mission detailing how it happened,” Nigerian foreign ministry spokesman Tiwatope Elias-Fatile told AFP.

“It is so sad and we are so worried about the incident. We are not happy about it.”

Reports on social media said the diplomat had been attacked with a knife, but details have not been confirmed by Sudan’s police or Nigeria’s government.

The Nigerian is the second diplomat to have died in Khartoum in less than a year.

In August, the then Russian ambassador to Sudan, Mirgayas Shirinsky, was found dead in the swimming pool of his residence. Moscow later said he had died of a heart attack.

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South Sudan accuses US of blocking path to country’s peace

2018-05-10 17:42

South Sudan’s government on Wednesday lashed out at the United States after the Trump administration threatened to cut off hundreds of millions of dollars in humanitarian aid amid the country’s grinding civil war, calling the US “a real obstacle” toward achieving peace.

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The statement from President Salva Kiir’s office also accused the Trump administration of “naked direct interference” in South Sudan’s affairs ahead of peace talks that will resume on May 17 in neighbouring Ethiopia, mediated by a regional bloc.

The US is the top aid donor to South Sudan, but in a sharply worded statement on Tuesday it said it would review its assistance if the East African nation’s conflict grinds on. The US says it has given over $3.2bn in humanitarian assistance since the conflict broke out in December 2013.

The absence of aid would have a devastating impact on more than seven million South Sudanese facing severe hunger as aid workers say famine could return.

 International frustration has been rising with South Sudan’s warring sides, especially after a cease-fire late last year was violated within hours. Tens of thousands of people have been killed and more than 2 million people have fled the country, creating Africa’s largest refugee crisis since the Rwandan genocide in 1994.

While the South Sudan statement accused the armed opposition of blocking the path to peace by putting forward what it called impractical proposals, it noted that Kiir has invited former deputy and opposition leader Riek Machar to return to the country and given him 45 days to do so in an attempt to “reconcile with opposition leaders.” Machar fled during renewed fighting in 2016.

“Without a genuine peace Machar is not coming,” a spokesperson for Machar’s group, Lam Paul Gabriel, told The Associated Press.

A new collection of opposition parties, which doesn’t include Machar’s supporters, on Wednesday commended the US statement and accused South Sudan’s government of “tirelessly working to undermine the prospect” of peace.

One South Sudan conflict expert urged both sides to stop the attacks.

“The United States’ statement was a bit harsh but there’s no way the government of South Sudan should fight with them,” Jacob Chol, professor of comparative politics at the University of Juba, told the AP. “What should happen is more engagement instead of antagonistic fighting back. It’s not good for the welfare of the South Sudanese.”

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A Call For Civil Uprising in Sudan

FRIDAY 11 MAY 2018

By Abdel Wahid al-Nur

Beloved people of Sudan, brothers and sisters, the hour of destiny is upon you. Awaken in your burning hearts the brilliant light of a new dawn of freedom that can longer be denied to you and seize the liberation that is your God-given right with your own two hands. The time has come for you to act, to rise up, united, as one and overthrow the dictatorship that has kept our nation imprisoned in fear, poverty and oppression for nearly thirty years. We have had enough of the misery and hopelessness the regime has fed us, while they, the corrupt, privileged few whom rule over us with impunity, have grown fat on all they steal from us, when we have been denied the prosperity and opportunity we long for, working countless hours to exhaustion for wages that do not allow us to live in dignity and we are then told to be content with a miserable crust of bread.

Now there isn’t even enough bread and too many of us are hungry. And look at the corpulent tyrant, Omar al Bashir, does he look like he ever skipped a meal? How many babies that die of malnutrition could be fed from what he feasts on at his table every day, where the tears of every mother who loses a child to hunger, poverty and lack of medical care, never diminish his appetite? Now let him taste the bitter flavour of your righteous anger, not the delicacies on his plate while you eat nothing and see if he will be able to digest it. Let your empty stomachs punish him. And why should we or our children go hungry when Bashir has stolen nine billion dollars from the nation for himself and hidden it in foreign bank accounts? He has taken what does not belong to him, he has taken food out of your mouths and it makes him the greatest robber in Sudanese history.

The dictatorship must face the justice of the people. Sudan is not destined to remain impoverished, stagnating and hungry. The genius and creativity of its hard working people and all the natural resources Sudan enjoys, from the waters of the Nile to our rich soil, our petroleum and mineral wealth, even the sun over our heads and many other riches, can chart an entirely different future for our nation, if that nation is at last, truly in the hands of the people and responsive to their will, in a transparent democracy and the just, free, society we yearn for, where no man or woman will be regarded as worth less than any other, regardless of the color of their skin, faith, class, tribe or gender. Either we are all Sudanese and one nation and Sudan is for all Sudanese or we are nothing.

But our history and the many glories of our illustrious past shows us eloquently that we were always destined for greatness, that we were meant to be a mighty nation and so we shall be again. We who were once Pharaohs and no less than the children of Moses, were not meant to live as prisoners of the thieves, liars and killers that rape our nation and keep it on its knees, abusing us just as colonialism ravaged us but even worse so because they consciously perpetrate their crimes against their own people. So now we must stand up to the enemy within and cast them off, where our refusal to submit any further to their subjugation will ensure their doom. They are a plague of locusts consuming the lifeblood of the people, but our united voice, roaring the cry of freedom, a sound so powerful they cannot silence it any longer, will scatter them to oblivion.

Our patience is at an end because we recognize what the outside world and the regime itself does not recognize, that Omar al Bashir like all of his henchmen is a dead man walking, that the blood-stained and dishonourable page turning in history he has written is in its final chapter. We must help him finish writing his epilogue, where he will come to the same end all the butchers and betrayers of their own people always meet. In this, we must keep faith in the certain knowledge that evil and greed never triumph forever. In the end, all dictatorship always collapses and always for the same reason, because an oppressed people will not withstand their humiliation indefinitely. We have reached the same defining moment that determines we cannot and will no longer submit to the endless injustice we endure.

He will call us traitors, but he is the greatest traitor of them all, to his own people, to God, to all that is decent in humanity and he dares to pretend he is a father to his nation? Let us recognize that like a cornered, wounded, wild animal, his increasing brutality towards us, is not a sign of strength, but instead of weakness, where he hopes against hope, that by trying to crush the people, he shall break their spirit and silence their yearning for freedom. He will not and he gravely underestimates the courage of the people whom will no longer suffer in silence.

Thus summon your courage noble people of Sudan. In every city, in every town, in every village, make your voices heard as never before. Refuse to cooperate with your own oppression. Stand tall. Resist! Shout your demand for change with all your might. Resist! Paralyze the dictatorship. Resist! Refuse to work. Resist! Go on strike. Resist! Immobilize the infrastructure of the criminal state and boycott a government that has already ceased to function and no longer has a legitimate hold over you. Resist! Flood the streets in your millions in a sea of angry humanity demanding change. Resist! Let the dictator, his servants and his thugs know that they are finished, that it is the end for them and you will no longer let them imprison your mind, your body or your future or your nation. Resist! Do so at the very gates of the Presidential Palace. Resist! Let Omar al Bashir know you do not fear him any longer and that instead, he should fear you for all he has made you suffer. Resist! You have nothing to lose except the chains that keep you in bondage.

Mighty people of Sudan, take back your nation, take back your future, rally far and wide across the country and send the dictatorship to hell where it belongs. Resist with all your heart, with every breath, with every ounce of your courage and strength of character, with the certainty of the righteousness of your cause, of your plea for justice that is the battle cry upon your lips. It is in your hands if you will rise to meet your destiny. Freedom is never gifted, it must be taken and that day has come. We will no longer accept a living death as the national condition. There is no alternative, there is no negotiation possible with a regime that only speaks falsehoods and empty promises, and answers only by trampling upon us. There is only one path to freedom now. See the road to liberation clearly, that despite all the sacrifices that we must still bear, a national uprising is our only dignified course of action to emerge from the long dark night that has held our nation captive. Fight for the light! Strike now and all of us together will overcome our oppression, for as a prophet of freedom once said:“all the armies of the world cannot defeat an idea whose time has come.” Our time has come. We will not be defeated if we stand together. Arise Sudan! Awaken Sudan! Resist my Brothers and Sisters and take your freedom! God is with you and future generations will remember you as the heroes that you are and will become.

The author is the Chairman Sudan Liberation Movement & Commander in Chief Sudan Liberation Army

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Sudan woman who killed husband over alleged rape given death

CAIRO — May 10, 2018, 12:46 PM ET

A young Sudanese woman convicted of killing her husband while she claims he was raping her was sentenced to death on Thursday, one of her lawyers said, underscoring rampant human rights abuses in the African country that the West is increasingly courting for business and security interests.

Noura Hussein, 19, was forced into marriage by her parents three years ago and had initially fled her husband, refusing to consummate the marriage, lawyer Ahmed Sebair said by telephone.

The husband returned with relatives who held Hussein down while he raped her, the lawyer said. When the two were alone the next day and he attempted to rape her again, she managed to grab a knife he had used to threaten her and stabbed him to death with it. That was May 3 last year and Hussein has been in prison since.

Supporters of Hussein flocked to the Criminal Court in Omdurman, Sudan’s second-largest city, in protest during the trial. Vastly rural Sudan neither outlaws child marriage nor has laws penalizing marital rape.

The case became an internet sensation under the hashtag #JusticeForNoura, with people sending photos from around the world in her support.

Witnesses who attended the proceedings posted online that Hussein’s family had abandoned her and she appeared alone during Thursday’s sentencing for her earlier murder conviction. They say that people who had gathered outside the courthouse with anti-death penalty signs were beaten by state security troops, notorious for abuse in Sudan’s police state.

Sudan is run by longtime autocrat President Omar al-Bashir, who the International Criminal Court has accused of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur during fighting since 2003.

Sebair says he and Hussein’s other lawyers are now appealing the death-by-hanging sentence that Hussein faces.

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In this grim time for journalists, a breakthrough in South Sudan

3 May 2018.

Rachel Pulfer is executive director of Journalists for Human Rights

The week celebrating World Press Freedom Day launched on a grim note on Monday: Ten journalists dead in Afghanistan on one day alone. This is equivalent to the total number of journalists lost in that country in all of 2017.

Such a tragedy represents the worst loss of life for media in Afghanistan since 2001, and it threatens to reverse one positive trend from the most recent 2017 Press Freedom Index put out by Reporters Without Borders, in which killings of journalists worldwide were actually down 18 per cent year over year.

There’s plenty of other grim news in this year’s Press Freedom Index (working title: The Hatred of Journalism).

Of particular concern: Journalists are now under attack not only in dictatorships, but also in democracies. This ranges from the President of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte, stating that journalists are “not exempt from assassination” to U.S. President Donald Trump quoting Joseph Stalin’s maxim that the media is the enemy of the people.

Not so long ago, attacking the press was also the narrative of choice among the ruling class in South Sudan, the world’s youngest country.

In August, 2015, just as Journalists for Human Rights – the organization I run – was preparing to launch a major three-year media development intervention in South Sudan, the President called for his people to shoot journalists for reporting “against the state.”

One day later, South Sudanese journalist Peter Moi was shot in the back and killed.

The President recanted his statement, but the damage was done. That year, seven journalists died on the job in South Sudan, a number on trend with Afghanistan’s nine dead in 2017.

Not a single journalist has been killed this year in the line of duty.

Fast forward to April, 2018, and a cramped conference room in Juba, the South Sudanese capital.

In this room, just last week, South Sudanese police officials, a Supreme Court judge, top ministry of information officials and the South Sudan Media Authority (a body better known for shutting down media or kicking them out of the country than for championing their interests) all committed on the record to uphold the law and work together to improve the relationship between journalists and authorities in South Sudan.

The goal: to ensure journalists can work in peace in the world’s newest country.

This all happened at a forum on media law convened by Journalists for Human Rights, supported by the Government of Canada, working in partnership with the Canadian embassy in Juba and the Association of Media Women in South Sudan. The forum was streamed online and widely covered.

Crucially, the South Sudan Media Authority has also been walking this talk in the past four months. When journalists are summoned by authorities angry about some aspect of coverage, Media Authority officials accompany them, to mediate and resolve disputes peacefully. Not a single journalist has been killed this year in the line of duty. (An expatriate journalist was roughed up at a protest in February, an action that was broadly and publicly condemned by the Media Authority and across the society.)

While this is still South Sudan, where events can change dramatically in a very short period of time, the country also inched up a spot on the Press Freedom Index this year. This situation represents a significant shift for a place that is better known for its poor human-rights record and abuse of journalists than its commitment to a free media. And in a tragic week when another failing conflict state experienced the loss of so many journalists, it represents a glimmer of light.

A seemingly impossible situation for media does not always have to be that way. With guts, determination and commitment to collective action, positive change on media freedom is possible.

 Even in a place such as South Sudan.

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Marxism remains inspiring model in Sudan: expert, official

KHARTOUM, May 4 (Xinhua) — Marxism remains an inspiring model in Sudan and the bicentennial birth anniversary of Karl Marx injects more enthusiasm to the principles of the Marxist theory, Sudanese expert and official have said.

Marxism originated from the works of 1800s German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. May 5, 2018 is the 200th anniversary of the birth of Marx.

“Marxism has proved its ability to be an inspiring model as it is the case in China,” said Fath Al-Alaim Saleh, a researcher in the socialist experiences in Sudan.

“The ruling party in China has managed to integrate the basic principles of Marxism into the contemporary reality of China and made use of the experiences of other civilizations to develop Marxism,” he noted.

The Chinese model undoubtedly proves that Marxism stands on a solid scientific and practical base and is able to survive with all its powers despite all changes and developments, he added.

Kamal Karrar, a leading figure in the Sudanese Communist Party, told Xinhua recently that “this anniversary gives more enthusiasm to inspire the principles of the Marxist theory.”

Marx, born in Trier on May 5, 1818, was a German philosopher, economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist. He died on March 14, 1883 in London.

Karrar said Marxism is a guide to rid the world of unipolarity, and “there is still hope that the Marxist theory will rid the world of war, famine, tyranny of regimes and violation of the rights of the poor.”

He said that this anniversary comes at a time when the world is more in need to implement the principles of the Marxist theory, adding Marxism embodies the antidote for many of the world’s ailments, such as wealth concentration in a small category of society.

The Sudanese society needs the ideas and principles of the Marxist theory to achieve equal distribution of wealth and power and restore the rights of workers and working classes.

“Many of the Marxist theory’s ideas have found their way to the Sudanese people due to the efforts by the leaders of the Sudanese Communist Party, some intellectuals, activists and revolutionaries,” he said.

“The Sudanese society is suffering from social injustice, and I believe the solution is to recall and apply the principles of the Marxist theory for a more prosperous life for the Sudanese people,” he added.

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