Extension of coalition government set at 24 months.

JUBA -28 JUL 2022

South Sudan’s parties to the peace agreement have agreed to set the extension of the transitional period at 24 months, multiple sources said.

Sudan’s foreign affairs minister Ali al-Sadiq announced Wednesday that the parties to the peace agreement agreed to extend the transitional coalition government period.

President Salva Kiir and opposition groups signed a peace agreement in 2018 that ended five years of civil war. But the provisions of the deal remain largely unimplemented, and the parties placed February 2023 as the end of the transitional period.

The agreement encourages authorities to hold general elections before February 2023.

Speaking to Radio Tamazuj on Thursday, sources with knowledge of the ongoing talks in Juba to extend the transitional period said the parties, which came to power in a revitalized peace agreement, agreed in principle on a 24-month period, to be counted after February 2023.

“In principle, the duration of the new transition has been set at 24 months, after February 2023. The parties agreed that there is a need to extend the transitional period,” one of the sources said.

The source further said a technical committee formed by the parties to the peace agreement is working to provide justifications to extend the transitional government’s lifespan.

“I can say that the parties have agreed in principle on a 24-months extension unless the principles want to make some changes to it. But the technical committee has agreed on 24 months,” the source said.

“The technical committee that was formed after the recent presidency meeting is working on the document. The committee is writing the document and when it is ready, it will be presented to the principles to sign it and then it will be made public,” the source added.

Another source said the parties to the peace agreement are worried about the reaction of the public to the extension of the coalition government after three years ended without major progress in the implementation of the peace agreement.

“Citizens believe that there is a lack of political will from the parties. However, we the parties will provide justifications to extend the transitional because there have been challenges that faced us in the implementation of the peace agreement, which include financial constraints and disagreements over some details,” the source said.

“Honestly, after we agreed on the 24 months extension, we are now looking for justifications to convince the public and the international community,” the source said. “During the discussions, President Kiir’s side presented three scenarios, which included holding the elections on time or drafting of the permanent constitution by foreign experts within a year, or discussing the appropriate timeframe for implementing the critical tasks after February 2023.”

https://radiotamazuj.org/en/news/article/extension-of-coalition-government-set-at-24-months

Environment not conducive for elections, says Gen. Malong.

KENYA -29 JUL 2022

A rebel leader has said that the current environment in South Sudan is not conducive for free and fair elections before the end of the transitional period in February 2023.

President Salva Kiir, opposition leader Riek Machar and a handful of other groups signed a peace agreement in September 2018. But the peace agreement provisions remain largely unimplemented, and the parties set February 2023 as the end of the transitional period.

The agreement encourages the transitional government to hold elections before February 2023. On Thursday, Sudan’s foreign affairs minister Ali al-Sadiq announced Wednesday that the parties to the South Sudan peace deal agreed to extend the transitional coalition government period.

General Paul Malong, leader of the rebel group South Sudan United Front/Army (SSUF/A), told Radio Tamazuj in an interview on Wednesday that the current environment is not conducive for free and fair elections as there is no guarantee that many politicians will be able to contest and the fact that some parties will not be granted opportunities to campaign for the elections.

“Currently, people should rule out the conduct of elections in South Sudan. You cannot contest elections as a party while holding guns; it is impossible,” Malong said. “Even if people agree today that there should be general elections, many politicians cannot go to some areas in South Sudan.”

Malong, a former military chief, said the only solution in South Sudan is for all South Sudanese political forces and all the other stakeholders to build consensus, which will lead to the establishment of a new transition with a government of technocrats as the transitional period comes to an end by February 2023.

The rebel leader voiced rejection of the ongoing talks in Juba to extend the transitional government’s lifespan, noting that the move does not serve citizens’ interests.

“If you keep extending the transitional government’s tenure and the citizens are still staying in the camps and outside the country, is this what South Sudanese need?” Malong asked.

According to General Malong, there is a need for roundtable talks that will lead to reforms and the adoption of a new transitional government, noting that the military should be reformed and unified to address rampant insecurity in the country.

“We want to see all the tribes of South Sudan being represented in the military. We also want to see reforms in many sectors, not just the military. The country urgently needs reforms in all the sectors,” Malong said.

General Malong has reaffirmed his commitment to the Rome talks with the government under the auspices of the Sant’Egidio Community. “Our proposal to have a government of technocrats in the country is our position as non-signatory parties, but it is subject to discussions with the other side. The transitional period is coming to an end, and nothing has been done by the transitional government,” Malong said.

In the last two weeks, General Malong and other holdout opposition groups signed a missive calling on all the South Sudanese stakeholders to convene a roundtable conference in a neutral venue conducive to freely exchanging ideas about the country’s fate and to agree on a new dispensation beyond February 2023.

The document was signed by Thomas Tut Doap of United Democratic Revolutionary Movement/Army UDRM/A, Emmanuel Ajawin of National Democratic Movement Patriotic Front (NDM-PF), Gen. Thomas Cirillo of National Salvation Front (NAS), General Paul Malong Awan of South Sudan United Front/Army (SSUF/A), Alex Yatta Lukadi of Sudan National Movement for Change (SSNMC) and Gen. Pagan Amum of the Real SPLM.

https://radiotamazuj.org/en/news/article/environment-not-conducive-for-elections-says-gen-malong

Doctors from Delhi’s private hospital perform first ever liver transplant in Sudan.

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Updated 28 July, 2022

NEW DELHI: A team of doctors from a private hospital in Delhi visited Sudan recently and performed the African nation’s first liver transplant on a 35-year-old male patient suffering from end-stage liver failure.
The problem of liver failure is on the rise among people of different age groups and is considered to be fatal, requiring immediate medical intervention.
On the severity of this case, Dr Shailender Lalwani, one of the doctors from Manipal Hospital who performed the surgery, said except for the transplant, there was no other way left to save the patient.
“Liver failure is a condition that is highly affected by lifestyle choices. Therefore, it is always recommended to have healthy practices in life and be watchful of any potential symptoms of the disease. Frequent abdominal pain, nausea, and weakness can be warning signs of this fatal condition,” Dr Lalwani said.
“This case was unique for us but the patient was able to take the surgery positively and there was no sign of infection,” he said.
The hospital, in a statement, said, “In the majority of cases, this condition is not detected at the initial stages and slowly deteriorates the function of the body.”
To tackle this situation, a liver transplant could turn out to be crucial in saving the life of a patient. This surgical procedure replaces the damaged liver with a healthy one from a deceased donor or a portion of a healthy liver from a living donor, it said.
A liver transplant is usually reserved as a treatment option for patients suffering from significant complications due to end-stage chronic liver disease or liver failure .

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/doctors-from-delhis-private-hospital-perform-first-ever-liver-transplant-in-sudan/articleshow/93189301.cms

Deaths as floods hit Sudan’s Darfur!

UN says flooding kills 7 people in Sudan’s Darfur region
UN says flooding kills 7 people in Sudan’s Darfur region

By Africanews Last updated: 18/07 – 08:42

SUDAN

Flash floods triggered by seasonal torrential rains in Sudan’s western Darfur region killed at least seven people, including children, according to the U.N. and an aid group on Sunday.

Heavy rains started late Friday in the Kass locality in South Darfur province, according to the General Coordination for Refugees and Displaced in Darfur.

The group said the dead included a pregnant woman and two boys aged 2 and 8.

It said at least 100 houses in camps for displaced people collapsed or were partly damaged.

According to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, about 6,250 people have been affected by heavy rains and flooding in the provinces of South Kordofan, White Nile, and Kassala since the beginning of the rainy season in June.

Sudan’s rainy season usually lasts until September.

Last year, flooding and heavy rains killed more than 80 people and inundated tens of thousands of houses across the country.

Protests over deadly tribal clashes scheduled on July 24 in Sudan.

20 July, 2022

Khartoum

The former ruling coalition in Sudan, the Freedom and Change Declaration Forces (FNDF), announced that they will form a broad front against the tribal clashes that have led to the death and injury of dozens of people in the country and the hate speech behind them.

The leader of the group announced that they will organise demonstrations on 24 July in Khartoum and many cities under the name of “One Homeland Sudan” to protest the violence between tribes.

The announcement comes shortly after a massive protest in Khartoum when police fired tear gas grenades at hundreds of demonstrators who were holding up banners saying “No to the killing of Hausas.

Last week, clashes in Blue Nile resulted in 79 deaths and 199 injuries. This has led to the displacement of 17,000 people, 14,000 of whom are now surviving in three schools in al-Damazine, the capital of Blue Nile, according to a UN reported report.

These clashes usually erupt over access to water and land, vital for farmers and herders – often from rival tribes – in a country where many weapons are in circulation after decades of civil war.

Once again, it was over access to land that violence broke out last Monday between the Hausa – one of Africa’s largest ethnic groups present from Senegal to Sudan – and the Bartis clan in the Blue Nile, bordering Ethiopia.

https://www.africanews.com/2022/07/20/protests-over-deadly-tribal-clashes-scheduled-on-july-24-in-sudan/

Sudan’s Hausa tribe protests in Khartoum and other cities over killings

https://www.msn.com/en-ae/news/middleeast/sudans-hausa-tribe-protests-in-khartoum-and-other-cities-over-killings/ar-AAZJWVS

EU envoys call for dialogue to resume democratic transition in Sudan.

21 July, 2022

EU Van Dool
EU Ambassador Van Dool speaks at a reception for EU Day on May 10,2022

July 20, 2022 (KHARTOUM) – European Union (EU) diplomats to Khartoum Wednesday reiterated the need for an agreement paving the way for the resumption of the democratic transition process and reaffirmed their readiness to support Sudan.

Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Dafa Allah al-Haj Ali, met a delegation headed by the EU Representative in Sudan, including the ambassadors of Spain, France and the charges d’affaires of the embassies of Sweden, Germany and Italy.

In a statement released after the meeting, the foreign ministry said that Ali expressed his appreciation for the continuous keenness of the European Union to support Sudan and to contribute to the success of the political dialogue process facilitated by the tripartite mechanism.

In an interview with Al-Jazeera TV, EU Ambassador Robert van den Dool affirmed their support for the efforts undertaken by the Trilateral Mechanism in Sudan to resolve the political crisis.

“We discussed the current political situation and referred to the demands of the international community as well as the Jeddah Summit last week and their call for the Sudanese to reach an agreement leading to an exit from the current political crisis in the country,” Dool said according to the Arabic translation.

After a meeting between President Joe Biden and Arab leaders in Jeddah on July 16, the participants “affirmed their support for efforts to achieve stability in Sudan, resume a successful transitional, encourage consensus between the Sudanese parties, maintain the cohesion of the state and its institutions, and support Sudan in facing economic challenges”.

However, the EU and the international community say the resumption of economic and financial support would only resume after the restoration of a civilian-led transition.

After divergences with the civilian government over the rotation of Sovereign Council leadership, security reforms and military economic activities, al-Burhan overthrew the cabinet saying small political groups seek to crap on power and avoid elections.

“We affirmed our full support for the return to the democratic transition process, and we seek to support the Sudanese people,” stressed the EU official.

Dool said that they take note of the statement made by the head of the Sovereign Council Abdel-Fattah al-Burhan, regarding the withdrawal of the military component from the intra-Sudanese dialogue and their acceptance of an agreed civilian government.

The Sudanese Foreign Ministry added that the meeting discussed the resumption of the Sudanese-European dialogue to enhance relations and reach constructive understandings that serve the interest of the two sides.

(ST)

https://sudantribune.com/article261707/

Turkey plans to secure food supplies via Sudan, despite previous failure.

Sugarcane harvesting at the White Nile Sugar Factory in El Diwaym.
Sugarcane harvesting at the White Nile Sugar Factory in El Diwaym.

Turkey has been struggling to feed its entire population since 2015. The government has cited climate change and the constant refugee crisis as the major causes.

But to avert the situation, the country now wants to revisit a plan it started in 2016 but failed to execute leasing farmland in Sudan to grow sufficient food for home consumption and export.

Turkish Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Vahit Kirişci told lawmakers last month that leasing farmland in Sudan will be a crucial step in boosting food security.

Turkey’s land leasing plans in Sudan

Turkey had attempted to lease 850,000 hectares of land in Sudan’s White Nile basin for 99 years but ownership, storage, and security challenges stalled the project. The country also experienced political upheaval.

This time around, Turkey says it will do things differently. It will re-plan the project and will be investing to grow crops that cannot survive in Turkey due to climate conditions.

The new plan is to prioritize the production of corn, sunflower, cotton, and sugarcane and will be coordinated by the country’s General Directorate of Agricultural Enterprises (TIGEM). To meet export demands, the growing of pineapples, mangoes, and canola is also being considered.

Sudan hopes the project will also help it feed its population, with the latest United Nations data showing that 12 million people (pdf) are expected to face acute food insecurity in Sudan this year.

Massive land leases in Africa have been on the rise

But its not only Turkey finding solutions for food insecurity in African land. Britain leased 4.4 million hectares of land in Africa, equal to Denmark’s surface area according to the 2013 report of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The size of land leased by the US by the same method is 3.7 million hectares. Republic of Congo has leased 8.1 million hectares of land while Sudan has so far rented out 4.7 million hectares.

Such deals locally attract outcry on being neocolonialist especially in a continent where land ownership is a fraught topic for many and a cause of various conflicts. In the past, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has characterized such huge land leases by wealthier countries as “land grabs” stating, “Behind every land grab is a water grab.”

https://qz.com/africa/2184938/turkey-is-once-again-looking-to-lease-farming-land-in-sudan/


Sudan’s military leader clears the way towards civilian rule.

By Africanews Last updated: 7 hours ago

SUDAN

See the source image
General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan. Bing images

Sudan’s top general announced on Monday that the armed forces would step away from government in a bid to resolve the political crisis.

In a televised speech broadcast on Monday, coup leader Abdel Fattah al-Burhan said the army would make way for a civilian government.

“I call on the various components of the people, especially the youth, to adhere to peace. Everyone has the right to express their opinion, and your sacrifices are appreciated, and your hopes for a democratic transition are fulfilled. Your armed forces will not stand in its way”, said General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Sudan’s coup leader.

Since last year’s coup that the UN and other regional blocs have tried to broker a way out of the political deadlock.

Monday’s announcement came after five days of peaceful sit-ins by pro-democracy groups.

“This sit-in continues, it is unlimited, people will continue to come, and we’ll reach 10,000 or 20,000 people before the Eid holiday. Afterwards, tonight, tomorrow, we will continue, they will attack us as they did by dispersing the demonstrators in front of the army headquarters (in 2019, ed.). Our sit-ins are silent elections, here everyone expresses their opinion, peacefully, more than in a demonstration, where there is always violence, grenades. Here, it’s different, we gather, we meet, we eat, we drink, we laugh, we discuss, we discuss what we want to happen”, added a young male demonstrator whose identity was withheld.

Burhan promised to dissolve the ruling council but did not specify any dates or who would replace the military at the negotiating table.

https://www.africanews.com/2022/07/05/sudans-military-leader-clears-the-way-towards-civilian-rule/

BREAKING: Ethiopia PM meets Sudan’s Burhan, says both endorse ‘dialogue’!

Tuesday 5 Jul 2022

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said he met Sudan leader Abdel Fattah al-Burhan in Nairobi on Tuesday and that both committed to “dialogue” to resolve any differences.

Burhan
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (L) and Sudan leader Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Nairobi, Kenya.

Their talks follow a clash on their tense border last month in which Khartoum said that Ethiopian forces had captured and killed Sudanese troops — claims denied by Addis Ababa.

“We have both agreed that our two countries have plenty of collaborative elements to work on peacefully,” Abiy said in a Twitter post, accompanied by a picture of the two men.

“Our common bonds surpass any divisions. We both made a commitment for dialogue & peaceful resolution to outstanding issues,” he said.

Both leaders were in the Kenyan capital for a summit of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) regional body.

Sudan’s ruling sovereign council said only that there had been a “closed-door meeting” between Burhan and Abiy.

https://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/2/10/471131/World/Africa/BREAKING–Ethiopia-PM-meets-Sudan;s-Burhan,-says-b.aspx