North Darfur rebel movements told to remove their forces from towns .

February 11 – 2022 EL FASHER

North Darfur Governor Nimir Abdelrahman (SUNA)
North Darfur Governor Nimir Abdelrahman (SUNA)

North Darfur Wali (Governor) Nimir Abdelrahman said that the third meeting of the High Council for Security Arrangements gave the leaders of the rebel movements that signed the Juba Peace Agreement seven days to move their forces from the towns to the ‘areas of support’, as stipulated in the Peace Juba Agreement.

The meeting was held in El Fasher in the presence of Chairman of the Sovereignty Council Lt Gen Abdelfattah El Burhan, Deputy Chairman Mohamed ‘Hemeti’ Dagalo, and the leaders of the rebel movements. 

The governor said that the leaders of the movements were told to tightly control their members and return them to the military bases. 

The rebel movements played an important role during the war in Darfur in the fight against dictator Omar Al Bashir, who has been accused of facilitating war crimes and genocide in the region.


North Darfuris expressed their discontent with El Burhan and Hemeti recently as the coup-leaders paid a visit to the state earlier this month.

El Burhan and Hemeti and a number rebel leaders participated in a periodic meeting of the joint Supreme Council for security arrangements during that visit. The delegation engaged in lengthy closed-door meetings to discuss the security arrangements clause for the Darfur track in accordance with the Juba Peace Agreement, and the formation of the Joint Forces.

At the time, the visit sparked protests organised by resistance committees who refused to acknowledge the visiting coup leaders and the Supreme Council delegation as legitimate authotiries. Military forces fired tear gas on the peaceful demonstrators and launched a campaign of mass arrests of politicians and activists in the resistance committees.

The large military presence was also met by local branches of the Sudanese Professional Association and the Coordination of Displaced Persons and Refugees, who all issued separate statements boycotting the arrival of the coup leaders in El Fasher.

The Central Committee of Doctors explained in their field report that in addition to the use of tear gas, sticks, batons, and metal chains were also used to disperse the demonstrations, causing severe injuries.

More members of Empowerment Removal Committee detained in Sudan.

February 14 – 2022 KHARTOUM

Muhammad El Faki, a former member of Sudan’s Sovereignty Council, and the alternate head of the now suspended Empowerment Removal Committee (File photo: SUNA)
Muhammad El Faki, a former member of Sudan’s Sovereignty Council, and the alternate head of the now suspended Empowerment Removal Committee (File photo: SUNA)

Joint security forces arrested Muhammad El Faki, a former member of Sudan’s Sovereignty Council, and the alternate head of the now suspended Empowerment Removal Committee (ERC)*, as well as Maj Maash Awad Karendis, another member of the ERC, on Sunday evening in Khartoum.

This follows the detention last week of three members of the ERC, following a breach of trust reported against them by the Ministry of Finance. The ERC leader, Wajdi Saleh, an outspoken voice and supporter of the dismantlement of the ousted Al Bashir regime, was detained alongside former Minister of Cabinet Affairs, Khaled Omar Yousef. Also, among the detained was the Secretary General of the ERC, Tayeb Othman Yousef, following an official complaint, related to ‘a breach of trust’, was made against them by the Ministry of Finance.

A group of lawyers submitted a legal memorandum to the Khartoum North Prosecution Office that refutes the legal grounds of the arrest and demands that the ministry’s complaint be expunged.

The lawyers identified various ways in which the arrests have allegedly not followed correct procedures, including the fact that the warrants were not issued by the correct authorities and that the arrestees have been denied the right to contact their lawyers and to meet with the Public Prosecutor.

International condemnation

joint statement by the Sudan Troika (Norway, the United Kingdom, and the USA), Canada, Switzerland, and the European Union, says that the countries are” alarmed by the February 9 arrests and detentions of several high-profile political figures. The statement points out that “these troubling actions are part of a recent pattern of arrests and detentions of civil society activists, journalists, and humanitarian workers occurring throughout Sudan these last weeks.

The full name of the committee is the Committee for Dismantling the June 30 1989 Regime, Removal of Empowerment and Corruption, and Recovering Public Funds. It was established by the government of Abdallah Hamdok at the end of 2019 with the aim to purge Sudan of the remnants of the Al Bashir regime. Empowerment (tamkin) is the term with which the ousted government of Omar Al Bashir supported its affiliates by granting them far-going privileges, including government functions, the setting-up of various companies, and tax exemptions.

Sudan’s top general says intelligence sharing with Israel helped arrest militants.

Hailing bilateral ties, Abdel-Fattah Burhan says security cooperation with Jerusalem enabled Khartoum to dismantle dangerous Sudanese militant groups

By SAMY MAGDY13 February 2022, 3:10 am  

Sudan's top army general Abdel Fattah al-Burhan holds a press conference at the General Command of the Armed Forces in Khartoum on October 26, 2021. (Ashraf Shazly/AFP)
Sudan’s top army general Abdel Fattah al-Burhan holds a press conference at the General Command of the Armed Forces in Khartoum on October 26, 2021. (Ashraf Shazly/AFP)

Sudan’s top army general Abdel Fattah al-Burhan holds a press conference at the General Command of the Armed Forces in Khartoum on October 26, 2021. (Ashraf Shazly/AFP)

CAIRO (AP) — Sudan’s top general has lauded recent ties with Israel in a Saturday interview, saying that intelligence sharing between the two former adversaries helped arrest suspected militants in his country.

The two countries normalized relations late in 2020 as part of a series of US-brokered deals between Israel and four Arab countries — the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco. Israel and Sudan have since crafted security and intelligence relationships that have seen officials exchange meetings repeatedly in unannounced trips.

Gen. Abdel-Fattah Burhan, head of the ruling Sovereign Council, said exchange of intelligence has enabled Sudan to dismantle and arrest suspected militant groups in Sudan that “could have undermined the security of Sudan and the region.”

Speaking in an interview with Sudan’s state-run TV aired late Saturday, Burhan said it is legitimate for Sudanese security and intelligence agencies to have ties and exchange visits with Israel.

He insisted his country’s relations with Israel are not of a political nature, saying that no senior Sudanese official has yet made a visit to Israel. He did not elaborate.Get The Times of Israel’s Daily Editionby email and never miss our top storiesNewsletter email addressGET ITBy signing up, you agree to the terms

There was no immediate comment from Israel. Israel has been silent on the October military coup in Sudan, led by Burhan, and the ensuing unrest there, indicating it intends to maintain normalized ties with Sudan.

Sudanese and Israeli officials exchanged unannounced visits in recent weeks. Most recently, a Sudanese security delegation visited Tel Aviv last week, following a visit by Israeli officials, including Mossad intelligence officers, to Khartoum in January.

In October, the then Sudanese justice minister, Nasredeen Abdulbari, and Israel’s Deputy Foreign Minister Idan Roll and Regional Cooperation Minister Issawi Frej held a rare public meeting in the United Arab Emirates’ capital of Abu Dhabi.

The normalization of ties with Israel paved the way for Sudan to reintegrate into the international community after two decades of isolation under former autocratic President Omar al-Bashir.

Sudan was once one of Israel’s fiercest rivals in the Arab world. It hosted the landmark Arab conference after the 1967 Mideast war at which eight Arab countries vowed never to make peace with Israel.

Sudanese protesters walk past burning tires as they rally to protest against the October 2021 military coup, in the capital Khartoum, on January 9, 2022 (AFP)

Sudanese protesters walk past burning tires as they rally to protest against the October 2021 military coup, in the capital Khartoum, on January 9, 2022 (AFP)

The October 25 military takeover has upended Sudan’s transition to democratic rule after three decades of repression and international isolation under al-Bashir. The African nation has been on a fragile path to democracy since a popular uprising forced the military to remove al-Bashir and his Islamist government in April 2019.

The coup triggered near-daily street protests, plunging the country further into turmoil. Security forces launched a deadly crackdown on protesters, killing around 80 people and wounding over 2,200 others injured since the coup, according to a Sudanese medical group.

The UN, the US and other Western government have pressured the military to end the crackdown on protesters and restore a civilian-led government to complete the country’s transition. Congress members have also called for sanctions on military leaders in Sudan.

US Assistant Secretary of State Molly Phee and the newly appointed US special envoy for the Horn of Africa visited Sudan last month and said they made clear to the generals that the US “will consider measures to hold accountable those responsible for failure to move forward.”

In the Saturday interview, Buran pushed back against threats of punitive measure, saying that sanctions and threats of sanctions will not helpful.

Times of Israel staff contributed to this report.

Two prominent Sudanese leaders critical of military detained.

Khalid Omer Yousif and Wagdi Salih were previously involved in a taskforce that acted against bureaucrats linked to deposed leader Omar al-Bashir.

Former cabinet minister, Khalid Omer Yousif
Former cabinet minister Khalid Omer Yousif [File: El Tayeb Siddiq/Reuters]

9 Feb 2022

Two prominent Sudanese political figures who held top positions in the civilian administration before a military takeover in October have been arrested, their Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) coalition said in a statement on Wednesday.

The arrests mark an extension of a crackdown on critics of the military and follow those of dozens of activists linked to a protest movement against the October 25 coup.

The two officials detained, Khalid Omer Yousif and Wagdi Salih, had previously been involved in a task force that seized property and fired bureaucrats linked to the regime of Omar al-Bashir, who fell to a popular uprising in 2019.

Yousif also served as a cabinet minister in a civilian government under a power-sharing agreement between the military and the FFC.

Across Sudan, some 105 people were being held without charges over political activity, most of them members of local resistance committees detained in Khartoum’s Soba prison, Samir Sheikh Idris, a spokesman for an activist lawyers’ group, told the Reuters news agency on Wednesday.

Some 2,000 people had been detained and released on bail in connection with demonstrations since the coup, Idris said.

Sudan’s public prosecutors’ office did not respond to a request for comment.

Lucy Tamlyn, the United States chargé d’affaires to Sudan, said in a Twitter post on Wednesday the “arbitrary arrests and detention of political figures, civil society activists and journalists undermine efforts to resolve Sudan’s political crisis”.

The upheaval in Sudan worsened last month following the resignation of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, who was the civilian face of the transitional government during the past two years.

The prime minister, who was deposed in the October coup only to be reinstated a month later under heavy international pressure, stepped down on January 2 after his efforts to reach a compromise failed.

The country, which was already in the grip of a dire economic crisis before the coup, has seen vital foreign aid cut as part of the international community’s condemnation of the takeover.

Task force accused of overreach

Sources from Yousif’s Sudanese Congress Party said he was arrested from the party headquarters by security forces and taken to the North Khartoum police station.

Tweets from Salih’s account said he was taken to the same station and then Omdurman Prison, along with another member of the task force and was under investigation regarding a charge of “breach of trust”.

Earlier this week, a committee appointed by military leaders to review the work of the task force accused it of overreach.

Sudanese anti-coup protesters
Sudanese anti-coup protesters take part in a demonstration calling for civilian rule and justice for protesters killed since last year’s coup, in the al-Diyum neighbourhood of the capital Khartoum on February 7, 2022 [AFP]

Al Jazeera’s Hiba Morgan, speaking from the capital, Khartoum, reported that the review committee had said many of the decisions were made by the taskforce without reaching a quorum of the committee members.

“It says many of the assets that were received from people, who were loyalists to al-Bashir’s regime, were not seized following due process and were not handed over to the Ministry of Finance as they should be,” she added.

Firings the taskforce had enacted in the central bank, judiciary and foreign ministry have since been reversed.

Thousands of Sudanese marched against military rule on Monday in Khartoum and other cities, with some saying they were concerned about the return to government of members of the deposed Bashir regime.

Medics aligned with the protest movement said at least 79 people have been killed as security forces have moved to break up protests with tear gas and gunfire. The military and the police say peaceful protests are allowed, and that casualties are being investigated.

Further demonstrations are planned for Thursday and Monday.

The United States, which suspended $700m in assistance to Sudan after the coup, has warned that a continued crackdown by the authorities would have “consequences”.

Protesters Take to Sudan’s Streets Again, Decrying Coup, Arrests!

Protesters march during a rally against military rule following coup in Khartoum, Sudan, Feb. 10, 2022.

February 10, 2022 7:15 PM


Sudanese security forces fired tear gas to disperse protesters trying to march on the Presidential Palace on Thursday amid nationwide demonstrations against October’s military coup and a wave of political detentions.

The takeover ended a partnership between the military and civilian political parties, drawing international condemnation and plunging Sudan into political and economic turmoil.

Protests organized by neighborhood resistance committees have drawn hundreds of thousands of people, and at least 79 have been killed and more than 2,000 injured in crackdowns.

Hundreds of protesters diverged from planned routes on Thursday to renew efforts to march on the presidential palace but were met with tear gas and a heavy security presence a little more than a kilometer from their goal.

“We will continue demonstrating in the streets until we bring down military rule and bring back democracy,” said Salah Hamid, a 22-year-old university student.

A man holds up his arms showing the "V" gesture with his fingers while marching during a demonstration calling for civilian rule and denouncing the military administration, in the south of Sudan's capital Khartoum, Feb. 10, 2022.
A man holds up his arms showing the “V” gesture with his fingers while marching during a demonstration calling for civilian rule and denouncing the military administration, in the south of Sudan’s capital Khartoum, Feb. 10, 2022.

Other protests took place across the Nile in the cities of Omdurman and Bahri, and farther away in Gadarif and Sennar.

Sudan’s long-standing economic woes have been exacerbated since last month by the blockade of the Northern Artery, a key route for trucks carrying exports from Sudan into Egypt.

That protest, originally against a rise in electricity prices for farmers, has expanded to reject military rule and demand more support for both farmers and traders. It also has trapped hundreds of Egyptian trucks in Sudan.

While some protesters in Khartoum said they were opposing a normalization of relations with Israel, which has been spearheaded by the military, others marched for the more than 2,000 people who lawyers say have been arrested since the coup. More than 100 remain in jail, one lawyer said on Thursday.

A man holds up a sign calling for the release of Sudanese activist and lawyer Wajdi Saleh during a demonstration calling for civilian rule and denouncing the military administration, in the south of Sudan's capital Khartoum, Feb. 10, 2022
A man holds up a sign calling for the release of Sudanese activist and lawyer Wajdi Saleh during a demonstration calling for civilian rule and denouncing the military administration, in the south of Sudan’s capital Khartoum, Feb. 10, 2022

Two prominent political critics of the military, Khalid Omer Yousif and Wagdi Salih, were arrested on Wednesday.

Brigadier General Altahir Abu Haja, media adviser to military ruler General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, said in a statement carried by state news agency SUNA that their arrests were not political and that investigations were continuing.

A prosecution statement said that Salih and others faced charges of breaking laws related to corruption, foreign currency and financial procedures.

The U.S. State Department said Washington, along with Britain, Canada, Norway, Switzerland and the European Union, “condemn this harassment and intimidation on the part of Sudan’s military authorities.”

“This is wholly inconsistent with their stated commitment to participate constructively in a facilitated process to resolve Sudan’s political crisis to return to a democratic transition,” it said in a statement, calling on the military to release all those unjustly detained and lift a state of emergency.

Sudanese women’s rights campaigner, Amira Osman, freed!

Twitter photo

Last updated: 09/02 – 14:09

After a two-week detention, Sudanese activist Amira Osman was reportedly released on Sunday, February 6.

It is the end of a nightare for Amira Osman. The prominent civil society leader who was reportedly freed on Sunday, had been kept incommunicado since January 22.

On that Saturday evening, armed men wearing civilian clothes stormed her house before imprisoning her in the Women’s prison of Omdurman. It is her family who confirmed her arrestation in the following days.

The arrest sparked condemnation from the United Nations mission in Sudan which said it was “it was outraged citing a “pattern of violence against women’s rights activists.

Amira Osman campaigned for women’s rights in Sudan during the rule of former President Omar al-Bashir. More recently, she’s recently taken part in a string of demonstrations taking place in Sudan to demand the oust of military rule.

Since General Al Burhan power grab in October 2021, activist denounce a heavy-handed crackdown by the military.

Resistance committees rebuild road blockades in Northern Sudan.

February 8 – 2022 DONGOLA / MEROWE / ARGEEN

File photo
File photo

Resistance committees in Sudan’s Northern State re-established blockades of several major roads on Monday, after security forces had dismantled them in the morning. The committees deny recent reports of suspension of the blockages by ‘fictitious bodies’.

The resistance committees of Abri and Delgo re-closed the Ishket-El Salim road at its intersection at Abri, while the Hafir Mushowi committees re-closed the northern artery linking Argeen on the Egyptian border with Dongola after the joint forces dismantled them on Monday morning. The Hamdab bridge at Merowe continued to be closed for the third week in a row.

A convoy moved from the Emery area to El Hamdab bridge after reports of attempts to break up the barricades, and protesters pointed to the continuous attempts of Egyptian freight drivers to break up the barricades by force.

The spokesman for the Coordination of the Resistance Committees in the Northern State, Wael El Imam, confirmed to Radio Dabanga that the resistance committees will continue to block the road until their legitimate demands are met. In response to earlier reports by the official Sudan News Agency (SUNA) of the opening of roads, he denied the existence of any gathering or union of farmers in the north, describing it as “fictitious bodies whose leaders belonged to the former regime”. He said that the main objective of the closure was to reject the military coup and bring down the policies of the coup authority represented in increasing electricity prices.

The blockade, that has hampered especially freight traffic since January 9, was set up in protest against sharp increases in electricity prices. Last year, the federal Ministry of Finance planned a significant increase in electricity prices for 2022, as it decided to continue with lifting subsidies on consumer goods, in order to meet the demands of the World Bank. In early January 2021, the power tariffs already increased by 500 per cent.

Farmers told Radio Dabanga that the increase in electricity prices affects agriculture in Nile River state and Northern State.

They warned authorities of the failure of the current agricultural season if they did not cancel these increases, especially the upcoming wheat harvest, which they said needs to be irrigated before it fails.

2 Dead, 8 injured in North Darfur attack

February 10 – 2022 EL FASHER

File photo (RD)

File photo (RD)

Two people were killed and eight were wounded, with three of whom are in critical condition, after an attack by armed men on Tuesday, on the village of Gura Farjawiya in North Darfur.

The activist Adam Juma told Radio Dabanga that a group of armed militiamen on board a truck and a Land Cruiser installed with a heavy-artillery gun, stormed the village, and arrested the mayor, Mohamed Akbar. The armed men then threatened to steal their cows if the villagers did not pay five million Sudanese pounds. After the villagers refused to pay the ransom, militiamen open-fired on them, instantly killing Mohamed El Din (25) and Mukhtar Mohamed (30).

Among the eight injured, three of whom sustained critical injuries from being shot in the head and were transported to El Fasher hospital, whilst the others were treated in Kabkabiya Hospital.

Adam explained that the villagers informed the authorities, who arrived after the invading militia had already looted and burned the farms in the village.

The attack on Tuesday was followed by another raid in the same area yesterday, where militias had burned an entire market area. Juma said that the security situation was tense and called for an “urgent intervention from the government authorities and humanitarian organisations”.

El Fasher medics strike

The staff of the El Fasher specialised hospital for women and obstetrics, announced a total strike as a result of an attack on the medical staff by members of the security services on Tuesday.

Sources told Radio Dabanga that members of the security assaulted the staff, by beating and threating them with weapons, which led to a complete strike at the hospital. Medical staff have called on the authorities to provide protection against the repeated attacks by the security services.

Sudan Rapid Response Update #2 : What next for the Juba peace agreement?

Posted4 Feb 2022 

Originally published4 Feb 2022

This briefing considers the changing political situation in Sudan with a particular focus on the future of the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) and the evolving political and security dynamics in Darfur. It is the second of a series of rapid response updates by the Rift Valley Institute for the UK government’s XCEPT (Cross-Border Conflict Evidence, Policy and Trends) programme.

Key points

Following the 2 January resignation of Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, tensions are emerging among civilians over competing visions for the future role of the military (Mil-TG) in Sudan’s transitional government. The has left leaders of the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) in a delicate position, particularly those from Darfur.

After decades of conflict in Sudan’s western region, the fall of the NCP regime in 2019 fueled further violence in Darfur. Groups who had benefitted under the previous regime feared that the new government would try to redress the balance in the region and sought to strengthen their positions.

The Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) attempted to address essential questions about land rights and political representation in Darfur. However, it has contributed towards an increase in violence in some areas, particularly the north, where predominantly Arab communities have feared losing out in any political reorganization.

JPA implementation has been complicated by the actions of SRF leaders before, during, and after the 25 October coup. Two key Darfuri signatories—the Sudan Liberation Army-Minni Minnawi (SLA-MM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)—benefitted from the JPA and supported the coup. Since then, JEM and its leaders have stayed close to the military, while SLA-MM has grown somewhat disenchanted.

Other Darfur-based SRF leaders must also decide which path to follow. While they may not explicitly support the coup, they also cannot openly oppose it without losing positions gained through the JPA and the mutually beneficial relationships cultivated by Mil-TG, particularly with the powerful RSF paramilitary leader Mohamed Hamdan Daglo ‘Hemedti’, who hails from the region.

Further implementation of the JPA, in Darfur and elsewhere, is unlikely in the current political context. The arrangements needed to keep a post-coup transitional government together run counter to requirements for a genuine comprehensive peace process and are likely to increase instability in Sudan’s peripheries.

Sudan: Demonstrator Shot Dead As Mass Marches Persist Across Sudan!

File photo

Sudan — Mass demonstrations erupted in Khartoum and about 20 cities and towns across Sudan yesterday, in response to the call of the resistance committees for the January 30 March of Millions, rejecting the coup and demanding full civilian rule. One protester was killed in Khartoum. The Central Committee of Sudan Doctors announced that Mohamed Yousef Ismail (27) died after being wounded in the chest.

The Khartoum demonstrations moved from a number of gathering points to the Republican Palace before joint government forces intercepted them by firing tear gas and rubber bullets. El Arbaeen Street in Omdurman witnessed similar processions.

In Khartoum North (Bahri), demonstrators reacted to the calls of the Bahri neighbourhood committees and participated in the Marches for Support of the Detainees. The authorities intercepted the path of the procession east of the Nile. The Resistance Committees closed the entrances to the neighbourhood using barricades.


The authorities pre-empted the marches by closing the Mak Nimr Bridge between central Khartoum and Khartoum North, in addition to a heavy military and security deployment on the White Nile Bridge between Omdurman and Khartoum, and most of the main roads.

The Security Affairs Coordination Committee for the Marches of Millions in Khartoum state pre-empted the demonstrations announced by officially banning gatherings and demonstrations in the central Khartoum region, starting from Saturday, January 29.

Joint government forces fired live ammunition and rubber bullets, tear gas and stun grenades at the demonstrators, wounding dozens of people. The Central Committee of Sudan Doctors announced that Mohamed Yousef Ismail (27) was killed, after being wounded in the chest.

Demonstrators reported that the processions were subjected to excessive violence, and live video clips shared on social media showed the heavy firing of bullets and tear gas. Dozens of protesters were detained.

El Gedaref

The resistance committees in El Gedaref reported that five demonstrators have breathing problems due to tear gas. Three demonstrators were held.

In Kassala, five protesters were detained. Dozens of them suffer from breathing problems.

In Wad Madani, capital of El Gezira, tens of thousands of people participated in the Janaury 30 March of Millions, demanding full civilian rule.

The Madani Resistance Committees called the processions “Loyalty to the Martyrs”. The protest marches headed to the En Nahda Square, demanding retribution for the martyrs of Wad Madani and the rest of Sudan’s martyrs.

The resistance committees organised a public seminar at the En Nahda Square, in which the charter put forward by them last week was discussed.

Northern Sudan

In northern Sudan, members of resistance committees continue to block the Sheryan El Shimal road to the Egyptian border, in protest against the coup, the increase in electricity tariffs, and to demand the rights of the Northern State, after they had opened it for 24 hours in response to humanitarian demands. Demonstrations also took place in Dongola, El Sukut, El Mahas, and Halfa.

The resistance committees in El Damer and Atbara closed the Port Sudan Atbara-Khartoum road to trucks.

Protest marches against the military junta also took place in El Hasaheisa in El Gezira, in El Gedaref, Port Sudan, Kassala and New Halfa in eastern Sudan, in Nyala and Zalingei in Darfur, in Kadugli, Delling, El Obeid, and Um Rawaba in Kordofan, and in Sennar, Ed Damazin, Kosti, Ed Duweim, and Rabak.

The UN Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) mission said in a post on Twitter that restricting the rights of peaceful assembly and freedom of expression would exacerbate tension. The US embassy in Khartoum has called on its citizens to avoid the demonstration sites.

Read the original article on Dabanga.