El Tayyar editor: ‘Al Bashir ordered massacre before coup’

According to a senior Sudanese journalist, on the day before he was overthrown by a military coup, ousted President Omar Al Bashir ordered the military to disperse the sit-in in front of the General Command of the Sudan Armed Forces by force, authorising them “to kill 30-50 per cent of the people”.

Osman Mirghani, Editor-in-chief of El Tayyar newspaper, addresses the sit-in in Khartoum on Thursday

Speaking to protesters in front of the General Command of the Sudan Armed Forces on Thursday evening (the sit-in has been sustained since April 6), Osman Mirghani, Editor-in-chief of El Tayyar newspaper, said that the leaders of the Interim Military Council have told him that a day before the decision to oust Al Bashir, the president said to them: “Of course you all know that we follow the Maliki doctrinewhich allows a leader to kill 30 per cent of his people, and some hardliners even say 50 per cent”.

He explained that Al Bashir concluded his speech by telling the security chiefs: “You have 48 hours to get rid of everyone in front of the General Command.”

Mirghani added that it was at that moment the leaders of the junta decided that Al Bashir needed to be ousted.


Nationwide protests sparked by rising bread prices and fuel and cash crises, began on mid-December 2018 and culminated in a public convergence under the stewardship of the the Declaration of Freedom and Change, a broad coalition of opposition parties including the Sudanese Professionals Association, on the the General Command of the Sudan Armed Forces in Khartoum on April 6.

On April 11, Al Bashir was ousted by a military coup, that, after initial jockeying for power within the military, resulted in the current Interim Military Council.

The protests and the sit-ins have continued throughout the country. The forces of freedom and change in Sudan, as well as several voices from the international community Including the USA and European Union, have expressed their insistence that the Interim Military Council established after the overthrow of the Al Bashir regime, urgently transfer power to an interim civilian government.


Sudan: The continuing story!

Sudan V-P: Beleaguered Al Bashir authorised massacre, more money seized

April 26 – 2019 KHARTOUM

The commander of Sudan’s paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and effective Vice-President as deputy-head of the Transitional Military Council (TMC), Lt Gen Mohamed Hamdan (aka Hemeti), has confirmed the events leading to the overthrow of former President Omar Al Bashir by senior military officers on April 11. He also confirmed that more money has been retrieved from accounts in Al Bashir’s name.

In a statement on Thursday, Hemeti confirmed that on April 11, when the security committee approached Al Bashir to find a solution to the crisis, the ousted dictator reminded them that “we follow the Maliki doctrine which allows a leader to kill 30 per cent of his people so that the rest can live in dignity”. This effectively authorised a wholesale massacre of thousands of demonstrators already amassed since April 6 at the growing sit-in outside the General Command of the Sudanese army in Khartoum.

Hemeti’s words further confirm a statement last week to the same effect by Osman Mirghani, Editor-in-chief of El Tayyar newspaper.
Bashir’s cash stash

Hemeti has also confirmed that substantial amounts of money have been recovered from bank accounts held by Al Bashir. According to Al Sudani newspaper, just one such account at a commercial bank in Khartoum, held 315 million Saudi Riyals ($84 million). Hemeti confirmed the report adding that the last transaction on the account was on March 10, 2016.

“We also found 142 million Sudanese pounds,” Hemeti said, adding that the money has been transferred to the state coffers in the Central Bank of Sudan.

As reported by Radio Dabanga, last week, Sudanese authorities seized a substantial amount of cash during a search of Al Bashir’s residence in Khartoum. Amounts of $351 million, €6,7 million, £5.2 million, and SDG 5 billion ($105 million) were recovered and deposited within the vaults of the Central Bank of Sudan.

It is alleged that Al Bashir’s wife, who has fled the country, as well as members of his family “have millions in hard currency abroad”.

Al Bashir is allegedly being held in Khartoum’s Kober Prison, although no official confirmation of this has been received by this station to date.

Senior Public Prosecutor Mutasim Mahmoud says that following the cash seizure, charges are being investigated against former president Al Bashir under the foreign exchange law and money laundering.

Pictured here is Lt Gen Mohamed Hamdan (aka Hemeti), commander of Sudan’s paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and effective Vice-President as deputy-head of the Transitional Military Council (TMC)

(Photo credit: SUNA)



Sudan authorities seize Al Bashir cash stash.

April 19, 2019.  Khartoum

Sudanese authorities confirm that a substantial amount of cash has been seized during a search of deposed President Omar Al Bashir’s residence in Khartoum yesterday. The cash has reportedly been safely deposited in the treasury of the Bank of Sudan and Al Bashir might face prosecution.

In a statement, the Senior Public Prosecutor Mutasim Mahmoud announced the seizure of $351 million, €6,7 million, £5.2 million, and SDG 5 billion ($105 million*) at the residence of deposed President Omar Al Bashir.

Mahmoud confirmed that the cash is secure within the vaults of the Bank of Sudan, and that charges will be investigated against former president Al Bashir under the foreign exchange law and money laundering.

Some of the cash found was shown to reporters. It had been packed in sacks designed for 50kg of maize meal.


Officers display some of the cash hoard found at the residence of deposed President Omar Al Bashir yesterday
(Photo credit: www.debanga.org )

African Leaders : ” Give Sudan more time”.

14:10 23 Apr
African leaders ‘to give Sudan more time’

African presidents meeting in Egypt today have agreed to give Sudan’s ruling military council more time to introduce democratic reform, Reuters news agency quotes the Egyptian leader Abdul Fattah al-Sisi as saying.

President Sisi was speaking in his role as the current chair of the African Union.

Tensions have been growing between Sudan’s new military rulers and demonstrators who have already forced Omar al-Bashir from the presidency.

The head of the Transitional Military Council of Sudan has told the BBC he will not allow his troops to use force against protesters calling for a civilian government.

The comments from General Abdul Fatah al-Burhan come a day after the military ordered protesters to dismantle their barricades on roads leading to army headquarters in the capital, Khartoum.

Talks between the two camps have broken down.

But General Burhan told the BBC’s Hard Talk programme that he was willing to step down within days, if consensus could be reached between the political opposition, saying he had no interest in ruling the country.








African leaders who  met in Cairo to discuss the situation n in Sudan and Libya on April 23, 2019


Sudan ousted two autocrats in three days. Here’s what’s next!

The following is a long article but it gives a good overview of the situation in Sudan at present and includes some news about what led up to the situation. 

Protesters want a civilian transition government. That hasn’t happened.

Sudanese demonstrators rally outside army headquarters in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum on April 13 to demand a civilian-led transition to democracy. The military overthrew President Omar al-Bashir on Thursday after almost four months of protests, calling for an end to his nearly 30-year rule. (AP)

By Mai Hassan and
Ahmed Kodouda, April 15

On April 11, the Sudanese military carried out a takeover against President Omar al-Bashir, Sudan’s dictator for the past 30 years. The military takeover came after months of popular protests, with citizens demanding a democratic transition.

General Awad Ibn Auf, an ally of Bashir’s, became president — but just for a day. On April 12, Ibn Auf bowed out as the protests continued. Lt. General Abdel-Fattah Burhan then assumed power.

Despite ousting two autocrats in two days, it’s unclear whether Sudan will transition to democracy in the near term.

Here are four things to know about the political situation:

1. Popular mobilization against Bashir intensified over the past four months

Last week’s sudden shifts came amid widespread popular dissatisfaction with Bashir — some of it long-standing. The International Criminal Court accused Bashir of overseeing a genocide in Darfur, in Western Sudan, beginning in 2003. He oversaw a war against what is now South Sudan; this ultimately led to South Sudan’s secession in 2011. More recently, the regime has been fighting conflicts in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states.

These internal wars have had consequences for the country’s economy, including for citizens living outside conflict zones. Fighting wars is expensive. And with South Sudan’s secession, Sudan lost much of its oil revenue and its steady source of foreign reserves. The regime was endemically corrupt as Bashir tried to co-opt rival elites through state resources.

Sudan’s economy seriously worsened over the past year. Without the foreign reserves to pay for food and fuel imports, the regime cut subsidies. On Dec. 19, residents in the provincial town of Atbara protested and burned down the local branch of the ruling party headquarters.

The protests quickly spread to other urban areas, including Khartoum, the capital city. And the protests turned political: Protesters linked the country’s poor economic situation with the government’s poor governance, corruption and mismanagement of the economy.

The Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA), an umbrella group for numerous professional unions, began organizing protests in December 2018 over social media. By January, civil society, including two large political coalitions of civil society groups and opposition parties — the Sudan Call Forces and the Alliance of the National Consensus Forces — signed the Freedom and Change Charter, which demanded the resignation of the regime and a civilian transition government to usher in a new democratic era.

The protests were consistent, but fairly small in scale, from December through early April. But protests intensified on April 6 — the 34th anniversary of the popular movement that removed Sudan’s last autocrat, Jaafar Nimeri. Since then, Khartoum alone has seen hundreds of thousands of protesters each day.

2. One takeover; two transitions

On April 11, the armed forces announced the dissolution of the constitution and Bashir’s arrest over state TV. The takeover leaders also arrested the upper echelons of the regime.

Bashir’s former defense minister, Ibn Auf, appointed himself as interim leader for a two-year (military) transition period to civilian rule. The SPA and the signatories of the Freedom and Change Charter rejected these terms, instead demanding a civilian transition government as specified in the charter.

One day later, Ibn Auf stepped down and Burhan took power. Burhan was an army officer under Bashir but unlike Ibn Auf, Burhan is purportedly popular among rank-and-file army soldiers.

3. International response has been mixed

The reaction from Sudan’s neighbors has varied, largely along regional lines. Some Middle Eastern powers — the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Saudi Arabia — cautiously welcomed the initial takeover.

Each of these countries is trying to stem the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood domestically and regionally. They have an interest in the continuation of military rule in Sudan at the expense of Sudan’s Islamist movement, which has ties to the Muslim Brotherhood regionally.

Burhan has ties to these countries — he led Sudan’s troops in Yemen’s ongoing civil war, at the behest of the UAE and Saudi Arabia.

The ascension of Burhan, then, suggests the consolidation of power by the military faction aligned with this Middle Eastern bloc and the further strengthening of Sudan’s alliance with them. The takeover is thus a rebuke to Qatar and Turkey, whose governments each have links with the Muslim Brotherhood in the region and who have an interest in the Sudanese Islamist Movement reasserting itself in politics.

The reaction from the African Union (A.U.) could not be more different. The A.U. called Thursday’s takeover an “[inappropriate] response to the challenges facing Sudan and the aspirations of its people” and called for dialogue between Sudan’s new leader and the opposition.

The condemnation is in line with the A.U.’s anti-takeover norms. Since the 2000 Lome Declaration, the A.U. has rejected extra-constitutional transfers of power on the continent.

That said, the A.U. has recognized takeover plotters after they legalized their rule through a new constitution, as was the case in Zimbabwe in 2018. And with Egypt’s President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi as chairman of the A.U., the organization may legitimize Burhan’s presidency, too.

4. What’s next?
The SPA (Sudanese Professionals Association) and signatories of the Freedom and Change Charter have rejected both of Bashir’s military replacements, calling these transitions simple “facelifts” of Bashir’s regime. They urged civilians to continue protests until there is a real transition to a civilian government.

The demand for a civilian transition, in part, reflects the lessons learned from Egypt’s failed popular uprising during the Arab Spring. There, the military’s control over the transition hampered the ability of Mohamed Morsi — Egypt’s democratically elected president after the Arab Spring — to consolidate democracy and curtail the military’s strength, which eventually led to Abdel Fatah al-Sissi’s coup in 2013.

On April 13, the SPA and signatories of the Freedom and Change Charter announced their representatives are in dialogue with the current Burhan government about shaping the transition.

[Editor’s note: This article was updated to clarify that the initial protests broke out on Dec. 19, 2018, not Dec. 18.
Mai Hassan is an assistant professor of political science at the University of Michigan.
Ahmed Kodouda is a PhD student in political science at George Washington University.]


Sudanese demonstrators rally outside army headquarters in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum on April 13 to demand a civilian-led transition to democracy. The military overthrew President Omar al-Bashir on Thursday after almost four months of protests, calling for an end to his nearly 30-year rule. [ Photo credit: Washington Post and AP )

Sudan protesters demand civilian rule

© Reuters Hier noch gemeinsam: Sudanesische Soldaten und Demonstranten (Archivbild)

Protesters in Sudan have overcome army attempts to disperse their sit-in and resumed their calls for civilian rule. German Chancellor Angela Merkel is among those calling for a quick transition to a civilian government.

The organizers of ongoing protests in Sudan demanded the new military council be scrapped and reiterated calls for a civilian government on Monday, as protesters continued a sit-in outside the army headquarters in the country’s capital of Khartoum.

Thousands of demonstrators continued to rally in support of demands for civilian rule, despite an apparent attempt to disperse them following the army’s removal of President Omar al-Bashir last week.

“We want the military council to be dissolved and be replaced by a civilian council having representatives of the army,” said Mohamed Naji, a senior leader of the Sudanese Professionals Association.

The organization also demanded the sacking of the country’s judiciary chief and prosecutor general.

African Union gives army 15 days

The African Union on Monday gave Sudan’s military 15 days to hand over power to a civilian government.

Should the army fail to achieve this, Sudan’s membership in the bloc would be automatically suspended until a return to constitutional order, the AU’s Peace and Security Council said.

The AU said Sudan must hold “free, fair and transparent elections” as soon as possible.

Angela Merkel calls for civilian government

The SPA’s latest demands came as the military council faced increasing public and diplomatic pressure to hand over power to a civilian administration.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel called for “a rapid transfer of power to a civilian transitional government,” in a phone call with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi.

“This must be followed by a credible, inclusive political process that meets the expectations of the Sudanese people with regard to economic and political reforms,” her office said in a statement.

Sissi repeated Egypt’s support for “the brotherly Sudanese people’s will” and said Cairo would “not interfere in its internal affairs”, according to a presidential statement.

Their comments come a day after the Khartoum embassies of Britain, the United States and Norway issued a joint statement calling for “inclusive dialogue to effect a transition to civilian rule”.

law/dj (AFP, dpa)

Link to web article.

The story continues: On the streets of Khartoum!

Monday 15 April. 2019

KHARTOUM – Sudanese protest organisers have presented demands to the country’s new military rulers, urging the creation of a civilian government, the group spearheading demonstrations said.

Thousands remained encamped outside Khartoum’s army headquarters overnight to keep up the pressure on a military council that took power after ousting veteran leader Omar al-Bashir on Thursday.

A 10-member delegation representing the protesters delivered their demands during talks late Saturday, according to a statement by umbrella group the Alliance for Freedom and Change.

“We will continue… our sit-in until all our demands are met,” including the formation of a fully civilian government, one of the alliance’s leaders, Omar al-Degier, said in the statement.

The umbrella group insists that civilian representatives should be accepted onto the military council, and that a fully civilian government should be formed to run day-to-day affairs.

“We surely want our demands to be met, but both sides will have to be flexible to reach a deal,” said a protester who spent the night at the army complex.


On Saturday, the new chief of the military council General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan vowed to dismantle Bashir’s regime and lifted a night time curfew with immediate effect.

Burhan also pledged that individuals implicated in killing protesters would face justice and that protesters detained under a state of emergency imposed by Bashir during his final weeks in power would be freed.

He took the oath of office on Friday after his predecessor General Awad Ibn Ouf stepped down little more than 24 hours after ousting Bashir.

Tens of thousands of people have massed outside the army headquarters since April 6, initially to urge the armed forces to back their demand that Bashir be removed.

Burhan comes with less baggage from Bashir’s deeply unpopular rule than Ibn Ouf.

But while celebrating the fall of Bashir and then Ibn Ouf — a defence minister and long-time close aide of the deposed president — protesters remain cautious.

Degier said their demands include restructuring the country’s feared National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS), whose chief Salih Ghosh resigned on Saturday.

Rights group Amnesty International on Saturday urged the military council to examine Ghosh’s actions during a crackdown against protesters during the final weeks of Bashir’s rule.

“It is crucial that Sudan’s new authorities investigate Salah Ghosh’s role in the killings of scores of Sudanese protesters over the past four months”, said Amnesty’s regional director Sarah Jackson.


Sudanese demonstrators continue sit-in demanding civilian- led transition to democracy. (Photo credit : Ahmed Mustafa /AFP )


The newly formed 10-member transitional council contains several faces from Bashir’s regime.

On Saturday evening, the new military ruler named NISS deputy head Jalaluddin Sheikh to the council.

He also nominated Mohammad Hamdan Daglo — known as Himeidti — a field commander for the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) counter-insurgency unit, which rights groups have accused of abuses in war-torn Darfur.

One of the protesters taking part in the sit-in outside the army headquarters said he was ambivalent about Himeidti’s appointment.

“We don’t have many options — they (the RSF) have guns, they have money,” said Mohamed, who gave only his first name for security reasons.

“Himeidti was part of the crimes that happened previously but at least now he is on the side of the people,” he added.

Key regional power-brokers Saudi Arabia and the UAE voiced backing for the transitional council.

Burhan’s nomination “reflects the ambitions of the brotherly people of Sudan for security, stability and development”, UAE state news agency WAM said.

Saudi Arabia has promised an aid package, the Saudi Press Agency reported Saturday.

Sudan is part of a UAE and Saudi-led military coalition fighting Iran-backed Huthi rebels in Yemen.

That marked a dramatic shift by Khartoum, aligning itself with the Gulf Arab monarchies and dropping close ties with their arch-rival Iran.

The International Criminal Court has longstanding arrest warrants against Bashir for suspected war crimes during the regime’s brutal campaign of repression in Darfur, where a decade-and-a-half of conflict has killed 300,000 people.

Amnesty demanded Saturday the deposed president be handed over to the Court.

But the military council has said it would never extradite Bashir or any other Sudanese citizen.

Who is General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan?

KHARTOUM – General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, the second officer to be sworn in as Sudan’s new military ruler in consecutive days, is a “veteran soldier” largely unknown outside the army.

On Friday, Burhan became chief of a military council that deposed Omar al-Bashir, after the president’s immediate successor General Awad Ibn Ouf stepped down following little more than 24 hours in power.

Protesters, determined to see a civilian government after the end of Bashir’s iron-fisted three decades in power, saw Ibn Ouf as a regime insider and a close aide of the toppled leader.

Ibn Ouf’s exit has catapulted Burhan from the shadows to the de facto head of the country.

“Burhan is a high ranking officer within the armed forces, but basically he’s a veteran soldier,” said an army officer, who did not want to be named.

“He’s never been in the limelight like Ibn Ouf or General Kamal Abdelmarouf,” the officer said, referring to the army’s former chief of staff.

“Burhan doesn’t have any political leanings, he is a professional soldier,” an anonymous officer is quoted as saying.

But as de facto head of the country, he will not be able to escape making difficult political decisions.

Burhan had a stint as Sudan’s defence attache to Beijing.

On Friday, hours before he was named as Sudan’s new military ruler, he was seen talking to protesters who have camped outside the army headquarters since 6 April.


Awad Ibn Ouf: Sudan interim leader steps down one day after taking power in military coup

Saturday 13 April 2019 08:50, UK

Awad Ibn Ouf: Sudan interim leader steps down one day after taking power in military coup

The army ousted president Omar al-Bashir, who is charged with alleged genocide in Darfur, where up to 300,000 people died.

The leader of Sudan’s transitional government is stepping down just a day after the country’s military seized power.

Defence minister General Awad Ibn Ouf named General Abdel-Fattah Burhan, general inspector of the armed forces, as his successor as head of the transitional council.

Mr Ibn Ouf said: “I, the head of the military council, announce I am giving up the post,” explaining he took the decision to preserve the unity of the armed forces.

Earlier, an army spokesman said it will not extradite deposed president Omar al-Bashir to The Hague to face war crimes charges, as it would be “an ugly mark on Sudan”.

In a wide-ranging news conference in the capital Khartoum, Colonel General Omar Zein Abedeen defended Thursday’s ousting of Mr al-Bashir, who had ruled the north African country for 30 years.

“This was not a coup”, but a “tool of change,” he said.

Mr al-Bashir, 75, is facing an arrest warrant from the International Criminal Court in The Hague over alleged genocide for his campaign against insurgents in Darfur.


Thousands of protesters joined a sit-in near the military headquarters on Friday


Sudan: From the fat into the fire?

It was the man named by President Omar al-Bashir as his deputy just six weeks ago who broke the news to the Sudanese people of the longtime ruler’s removal.

Dressed in army fatigues, General Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf declared on Thursday that the 75-year-old had been overthrown and arrested following months of nationwide protests against his three-decade rule.

In his address on state TV, Ibn Auf also said a military council would run the country for two years and announced the suspension of the constitution and the introduction of a month-long overnight curfew.

The statement by Ibn Auf, who is also Sudan’s defence minister, was rejected by the demonstrators, who said the military takeover did not represent the democratic outcome they had been seeking.

Protesters vowed to keep taking to the streets, defying a military-imposed curfew just as Ibn Auf was sworn in as chief of Sudan’s new ruling council.

Who is Ibn Auf?

A career soldier, Ibn Auf has long been a senior figure in Sudan’s military establishment. He has previously served as the chairman of the joint chiefs of staff and was head of military intelligence and security during the bloody conflict in the Darfur region, which began in 2003.

The war claimed more than 300,000 lives, according to the United Nations.
In 2009, the International Criminal Court in 2009 indicted al-Bashir for alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, while Ibn Auf himself was sanctioned by the United States for supporting and managing militias accused of carrying out genocide in the conflict.

The US Treasury Department in 2007 blocked Ibn Auf’s assets, along with two other Sudanese officials, for their role in “fomenting violence and human rights abuses in Darfur.”

Following his retirement from the army in 2010, as part of an institutional shake-up, Ibn Auf took a diplomatic role at the ministry of foreign affairs.
He spent time in diplomatic posts in Egypt and Oman, before returning to the heart of the Khartoum political establishment in 2015, when he was appointed by al-Bashir as defence minister.

In early February, following months of massive, nationwide street demonstrations against al-Bashir’s government, Ibn Auf adopted a sympathetic tone towards those on the streets, noting the young people involved in the protests had “reasonable ambition”.

On February 23, as protests continued across Sudan, al-Bashir declared a state of emergency, dissolving the country’s central and state governments and appointing a series of military figures as state governors. As part of the wider measures, Ibn Auf was appointed a first vice president, while also retaining his defence portfolio.

Within hours of Ibn Auf’s address to the nation, protesters denounced the military’s move as a “regime coup” and repeated their demand for a civilian council to head the transition.

“Change will not happen with Bashir’s entire regime hoodwinking Sudanese civilians through a military coup,” Alaa Salah, a prominent member of the protest movement, said on Twitter on Tuesday.

Ahmed Soliman, Africa Fellow at Chatham House, said Ibn Auf was “very much a member of the old guard.”

“[He is] among the political leaders who have supported president al-Bashir for a long time and for his whole army career. It’s difficult to see this as a transition moving to a new stage of inclusive government.”

Jean-Baptiste Gallopin, a Sudan researcher at Yale University, said that despite al-Bashir’s removal, power remained in the hands of his associates.
“The regime is the same as it was yesterday, with the exception of a few figures close to al-Bashir who have been detained,” he told Al Jazeera.

Joy turns to anger as Sudan protesters reject ‘regime coup’

For its part, the African Union said the military takeover was “not the appropriate response to the challenges facing Sudan and the aspirations of its people” while Ibn Auf’s controversial past also came under scrutiny.
“The general who has taken over in this palace coup, Awad Ibn Auf, has been sanctioned by the United States for orchestrating war crimes in Darfur, just as the just-deposed Omar al-Bashir has been,” said Hollywood actor George Clooney, a longtime human rights campaigner in Sudan, calling on the international community to ensure the transitional leadership in Sudan be inclusive and negotiated.