Sudan, South Sudan agree on permanent ceasefire

3 July 2018

Sudan on map. Link to image.

The Republic of Sudan and its neighbour, South Sudan, have agreed on a permanent ceasefire to ensure sustainable peace in both countries.

The Sudanese Ambassador to Nigeria, Ibrahim Bushra, made this known in a statement in Abuja on Sunday.

He said that the agreement was the outcome of a meeting between leaders of the both country on ways to resolve their conflict.

According to the envoy, President Salva Kir of South Sudan and Ahmed El-Bashir of the Republic of Sudan jointly signed the agreement.

He said that the agreement contained clauses as “a permanent ceasefire is hereby declared throughout the Republic of Sudan and shall enter into force within 72 hours of signing of the declaration of agreement.

‘‘The permanent ceasefire shall be based on cessation of hostilities agreement signed on Dec. 21, 2017 and within 72 hours of signing the declaration of agreement.

‘‘The parties shall agree on ceasefire agreement including disengagement, separation of forces in close proximity, withdrawal of allied-troops, opening of humanitarian corridors and release of prisoners of war and political detainees.

‘‘All relevant provisions of the Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan shall apply; unless it is agreed otherwise, the parties shall agree on self-monitoring mechanism.

‘‘Furthermore, Inter-Governmental Authority for Development and African Union member-states are kindly invited to deploy the necessary forces to supervise the agreed permanent ceasefire.’’

Mr Bushra said that an agreement on the “revised bridging” proposal would be concluded before closure of the Khartoum round of talks.

He also disclosed that after the conclusion of the agreement, a pre-transitional period of 120 days would commence and would be followed by transitional period of 36 months.

‘‘Sharing power during the transitional period shall be in accordance with the formula that shall be agreed in the revised bridging proposal,’’ he added.

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South Sudan: Violation of ceasefire leaves 18 dead, blame game continues

2018/07/03

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The warring sides in South Sudan accused each other of launching attacks that killed 18 civilians and violated the latest peace deal aimed at ending the nearly five-year-old conflict.

Lul Ruai Koang, spokesman for the government military SPLA said rebels attacked Maban in Upper Nile state in the far northeast near the border with Sudan on Sunday.

Government forces responded and in the battle rebels killed 18 civilians and wounded 44, he said. The dead included three Ethiopians and two Sudanese.

“The area is tense and the bodies have been buried,” he said. “People have not yet gone back to their homes. The area is deserted.”

Lam Paul Gabriel, deputy spokesman for the opposition SPLA-IO said their forces had been “heavily bombarded” by the military in the Maban area on Sunday and denied attacking civilians, saying: “It is not the policy of SPLM-IO to attack civilians.”

South Sudan’s civil war

South Sudan was plunged into war in 2013 after a political disagreement between President Salva Kiir and his former vice President Riek Machar exploded into a military confrontation.

The fighting has uprooted about a quarter of the country’s 12 million population, slashed oil production and ruined the economy.

peace pact last week that included a ceasefire that took effect on Saturday was the second attempt by regional mediators to try to end the war after a deal in 2015 failed.

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Sudan Commutes Death Penalty After ‘Justice For Noura’ Campaign

Published July 2nd, 2018

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By Eleanor Beevor

The case of Noura Hussein, the 19-year old Sudanese woman who killed her husband after he had raped her, and was subsequently sentenced to death herself, drew a staggering international outcry. But now, the death penalty has been withdrawn, and Noura’s case has led to what looks like a significant legal milestone for rights of women in Sudan.

Noura Hussein was 16 when she was forced into an engagement with Abdulrahman Mohamed Hammad, a man 16 years older than her. Hammad had reportedly approached her father about marrying her when she was much younger, and still a high-school student.

However, Noura insisted that she wanted to finish her education in order to qualify as a teacher. Yet her family insisted she marry Hammad, so Noura fled to a relative’s house in eastern Sudan to escape the marriage. She later said that the idea of the marriage had led her to contemplate suicide. She stayed there until April 2017, when her family called her to tell her that they had cancelled the marriage agreement, and she could come home. But when she returned, she found that she had been tricked, and was forced to undergo the wedding ceremony.

Hating herself after rape!

Noura refused to have sex with her new husband for several days. She tried to escape the flat one night, but found the door locked. After several days, her repeated refusal to have sex was followed by a brutal rape. It involved Hammad’s two brothers and his cousin holding her down as Hammad raped her. Her mother later told the press that Noura had “hated herself” after the rape.

But when Hammad tried to force himself on her again the next day, Noura stabbed him several times, reportedly with a knife kept under her pillow. Her mother said that she had been keeping the knife in order to stab herself if Hammad tried to rape her again. But in the struggle, it was Hammad who was stabbed to death.

Noura panicked and told her family what she had done. They went to the police to explain, but Noura was arrested and imprisoned. In May 2018, a Sharia court in Khartoum sentenced her to death by hanging, despite her attorney’s plea that she had acted in self-defence. The father of the deceased Hammad, interviewed in a Sudanese newspaper, insisted that Noura had consented to the marriage, and that her crime was one of pre-meditated murder. Yet her attorney’s plea for a medical examination to prove the rape was rejected twice by the court.

But then Noura’s story went international. The campaign against her death sentence began with grassroots human rights campaigners such as the Afrika Youth Movement campaigning outside the courthouse, and with Sudanese lawyers mounting arguments in her favour.

International NGOs soon joined the campaign as well, and organisations such as the EU offered their support. Soon, celebrities such as Naomi Campbell and Emma Watson were taking part in an online campaign with the hashtag #justiceforNoura. A petition to the Sudan Government to spare Noura the death penalty received over 1.5 million signatures.

And it seems to have worked. On June 27th 2018, Noura’s death sentence was overturned in a court of appeal in Khartoum. Instead, she was sentenced to five years in prison, and a fine of 337500 Sudanese Pounds. Al Bawaba spoke to Judy Gitau Nkuranga, a Nairobi-based human rights lawyer with the charity Equality Now, one of the leading organisations in the Justice for Noura campaign. Ms Gitau Nkuranga believes that this ruling marked a significant legal precedent for women’s rights in Sudan:

“We feel this case marks a turning point in Sudanese jurisprudence on cases of women and girls who have been victims of sexual violence. This is because the advocacy around Noura’s case brought to the world’s attention to the fact that  it is still ‘legal’ in Sudan to marry a girl as young as 10 years of age. This is unacceptable and the advocacy and the global campaign on the case made sure the Sudanese government, including their courts system, heard this message loud and clear.

It is our observation that the court was mostly persuaded by a robust appeal which was filed by Noura’s lawyers, as supported by human rights organizations coupled with a meticulous campaign that brought the case and the unfair laws underpinning it to the global stage. The courts were placed under pressure to do justice not only in their own eyes but through the eyes of the millions who were waiting and watching.”

” The courts were placed under pressure to do justice not only in their own eyes but through the eyes of the millions who were waiting and watching.”

For human rights organisations, this is considered only a partial victory. They have argued that five years in prison and a large fine, paid to the family of the deceased, is still too high a price to pay for Noura Hussein’s act of self-defence. Moreover, there will still be a great deal of conservative resistance to changes to child marriage laws, or to outlawing marital rape. But at least for Noura herself, the announcement of her death sentence being withdrawn was a truly happy moment. Nkuranga added:

“Our partner on the ground tells us Noura was elated and happy on receiving the news of the appeal. The surrounding prisoners spontaneously burst into celebration as well.”

Link to article.

Noura Hussein: ‘Hoping for a miracle to stop our daughter being hanged’

25 June 2018

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The parents of a Sudanese teenager who was sentenced to death after killing her husband – whom she accuses of raping her – have denied reports that they’ve disowned her. In an exclusive interview with the BBC, her father also says he never imagined that making her marry her cousin would have such terrible consequences.

Noura Hussein sobbed uncontrollably when she saw her mother earlier this month. It was the first time she had been visited by her family, since she was jailed one year ago.

Through the tears, the 19-year-old told her mother that she had originally planned to kill herself, after being raped by her husband.

“She hated herself after he raped her,” says Noura’s mother, Zainab Ahmed.

“She had got a knife ready to take her own life if he touched her again.”

But in the heat of the moment – when he did touch her again – she stabbed her husband instead. It was self-defence, her mother insists.

When Noura was sentenced last month an online campaign, #JusticeforNoura, spread across the world.

Supermodel Naomi Campbell and actress Emma Watson were among celebrities who joined activists in condemning the death sentence and demanding that the conviction be overturned.

And when Amnesty International urged supporters to email Sudan’s Justice Minister asking him to intervene, the volume of messages forced him to get a new email address.

It was only when her mother visited her in the harsh conditions of the Omdurman Women’s Prison that Noura discovered about this tide of support in the outside world.

For now, her own world is defined by the walls of the prison, where all inmates live in one large yard.

“There are no roofs so most of the women have to use sheets to keep the sun off them,” Justice Africa’s Sudan co-ordinator, Hafiz Mohammed, has said.

Noura remains in the shackles that she has been wearing since her arrest.

While she looked healthy, her mother says, her spirit appeared broken.

presentational grey line

The second of eight children, Noura Hussein, grew up in the village of al-Bager, 40km (25 miles) south of Khartoum. It’s a dusty place, surrounded by sandy, rocky hillocks, not far from the River Nile.

The bright colours of the fruit and vegetables laid out on patterned cloths on the floor of the local market provide rare bursts of colour piercing the mostly brown and barren landscape.

Zainab Ahmed says her daughter was always a quiet girl, and an intelligent one.

“She had ambitions,” Zainab says. “Noura dreamed of studying law at university and eventually becoming a lecturer.”

Their extended family had left the conflict-ridden region of Darfur to move to al-Bager when Noura was a child. They didn’t have much money, but Noura’s father’s business – a small hardware shop which sold tools and oil – meant that Noura could enjoy an education. This was what made her happiest.

“Many young girls in the area were getting pregnant”

But in 2015 Noura’s 32-year-old cousin, Abdulrahman Mohamed Hammad, proposed to her. She was 16.

Her mother says her daughter didn’t initially appear upset by the idea but asked to be allowed to continue her education. She also asked for the marriage to be delayed until her mother, who was pregnant, had given birth.

But family pressure began to mount, notably from her own father, Hussein.

“Many young girls in the area were getting pregnant and having illegitimate children,” says Hussein.

Hussein says he didn’t want her to suffer a similar fate and end up without a husband.

While she took part in the initial marriage ceremony it became clear that Noura’s opposition to the idea was increasing.

She ran away to her aunt in Sinnar, a city 350km away, and remained with her for two days. She was persuaded to come back home on the understanding that the marriage would never be completed.

In fact, once she arrived back the ceremony was completed, but she wasn’t required to live with her husband.

For the next two years she remained at her family home. When Abdulrahman visited, she would tell him outright that she didn’t want to be married to him.

However, family elders began to insist that Noura and her husband formalise the relationship and behave like a legally married couple.

In their close community it is the elders who make all key decisions. Honour and family respect are the most important values of the culture.

Her father Hussein says he saw no good reason for his daughter to keep refusing the union. The family had been patient for years.

Under pressure, Noura agreed to move in with Abdulrahman in April 2017.

presentational grey line

According to a first-hand account obtained by CNN, Noura says that she resisted her husband’s sexual advances for the first week they lived together.

She cried. She refused to eat. When Abdulrahman slept she attempted to leave the flat, but it was locked.

On the ninth day, Abdulrahman arrived at their flat with some relatives, who tore at her clothes and held her down while he raped her, according to the CNN report.

The following day Abdulrahman tried again. This time Noura reached for the knife she told her mother she would use to kill herself.

Noura’s account says that in the tussle her hand was cut and Abdulrahman bit her shoulder.

It then jumps to Noura running to her parents’ home, holding a bloody knife.

presentational grey line

Hussein and his wife were terrified when they saw their daughter standing in front of them clutching the murder weapon.

“I killed my husband after he raped me,” she told them, holding out the knife.

“I then understood the seriousness of the situation,” says Hussein. Knowing Abdulrahman’s family, he was in no doubt they would want revenge.

Noura’s whole family was now under threat, he says, so he made a decision to take them all to the police station. He did this to protect them, not, as has been reported, to turn her in and abandon her. But Noura was arrested and charged with premeditated murder.

Her family went home to appeal to the elders to make a deal with Abdulrahman’s family. They refused, instead insisting that Hussein and Zainab must no longer see Noura if they wanted to protect their other children.

When their house and business premises were set on fire and burned down, Hussein and Zainab agreed.

However, the intimidation persisted and the couple took their children and fled.

A court in Omdurman, Sudan’s second largest city, later found Noura Hussein guilty of premeditated murder, and last month – when her husband’s family refused the option of monetary compensation – it officially sentenced her to death by hanging.

Noura’s lawyers are appealing against the sentence, and seeking a pardon. The verdict is expected within days.

Hussein says he has not seen his daughter since that night, because of the threat to harm him and his other children if he does.

“I also want to see my daughter and visit her in prison and raise her spirits, but I am unable to do so,” he says.

He has talked with her on the phone, though, and says she assured him that she was in good health.

“There are hundreds and thousands of Nouras”

Zainab Ahmed says she is hopeful of a last minute miracle for her daughter. She likes to imagine that family elders will intervene and convince Abdulrahman’s family to ask the courts to repeal the death penalty.

Amnesty International thinks this is a vain hope.

“At this stage this seems highly unlikely. Had they done this during the sentencing they could have requested mitigation. At this stage a family would have no say in a judicial decision,” says Dr Joan Nyanyuki, Amnesty’s director for East Africa.

However international pressure may work, she says.

“When we called for people to email Sudan’s Justice Minister demanding Noura’s pardon, he had to shut down his email address within two weeks. It had an impact. If people emailed the Sudanese embassies in their respective countries demanding her release, that would make an immense difference.”

She adds: “There are hundreds of thousands of Nouras that we haven’t heard of, in forced marriages being raped. This fight is also for them.”

Noura’s parents now live in a village far away from al-Bager.

They say that their marriage is still strong and they are supporting each other and their children through the ordeal. But Noura’s fate haunts them.

“No-one wants a miserable life for their daughter,” says Hussein.

“I did not expect things to reach this degree.

“We are hoping God will rescue her.”

Link to article.

ICC renews appeal for arrest of Sudanese president

25 June 2018

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from RAJI BASHIR in Khartoum, Sudan
KHARTOUM, (CAJ News)– THE International Criminal Court (ICC) is pressing the Security Council to support the arrest and transfer of Sudan President, Omar al-Bashir, for mass atrocities in Darfur.

Some 13 years after the massacres were referred to The Hague-based tribunal, al-Bashir, accomplices Ahmad Harun and Abdel Hussein, as well as militia leader Ali Kushayb and rebel leader Abdallah Banda, have not been arrested.

ICC issued the first warrant for arrest for the suspects in 2009 and another in 2010.

“How many more years and how many more reports will be required for this Council to be galvanized into taking tangible action?” asked ICC Chief Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda.

Addressing the Security Council, she said the ICC owed the victims accountability through the court’s independent judicial process.

“The support of the Council is critical to each if we are to move the Darfur situation forward,” Bensouda said.

South Africa, hailed as the continent’s most democratic country, Chad and Uganda, have come under criticism for failure to arrest al-Bashir when he visited these countries.

Omar Mohammed. Sudan’s representative to the United Nations (UN), accused ICC of bias against Africa.

“ICC has sought to arrest an African Head of State despite the fact that similar attempts had never been witnessed in any of the world’s other regions beyond Africa,” he told the Security Council.

An estimated 300 000 people have been killed and 3 million displaced during the Darfur conflict.
– CAJ News

Link to article.

UN peacekeepers to protect South Sudanese VIPs

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June 23, 2018 (JUBA) – IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan said the parties to the peace revitalization process have agreed to task the United Nations peacekeepers with the protection of VIPs during the transitional period.

In his briefing to the IGAD head of states and governments, Ismail Wais informed the meeting that there remains “four key areas of disagreement on the security arrangements” including determination of demilitarized areas; modalities and exemption from cantonment; timeframe for unification of forces, and the number of parties’ representatives in the Joint Transitional Security Committee.

However, the parties have largely reached compromises over the outstanding issues in this chapter of the security arrangements, more than what has been agreed on the governance or power-sharing chapter.

So, among others, they agreed to confer the sensitive protection of VIPs to the UN peacekeepers deployed in the country to avoid difference over who will protect this or that leader as they agreed to merge the troops.

The parties agreed on “the full deployment of the RPF (Regional Protection Force) in accordance with its mandate and for IGAD to request UNSC (UN Security Council)for a review of its mandate to include VIPs protection,” Wais said.

The implementation of the peace agreement collapsed after the clashes between soldiers loyal to President Kiir and his former First Vice-President Machar at the South Sudanese presidency on 8 July 2016. The matter has ruined the confidence between the two leaders and plunged the country was plunged into civil war again.

During the face-to-face meeting, the two leaders raised the incident. President Kiir said he instructed his guards to protect Machar and Machar rejected the claim.

Following the clashes, the UN Security Council, in August 2016 decided to deploy 4,000 troops to beef up the existing 13,000 UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) force. The Regional Protection Force will be mandated to protect key installations like the Juba airport, facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance and provide protection to the civilians.

The IGAD special envoy said the parties further agreed “on unification of forces rather than integration” and to establish a Joint Integrated Police and Security Services. Also, they agreed that the duration for activities in the cantonment sites to be 90 days and reached an agreement on the composition of the Joint Transitional Security Committee.

In addition, they agreed on the architecture of the transitional security arrangements, he said.

Regarding the disagreements, the IGAD believes the parties have to accept the proposed solutions included in the Bridging Proposal.

Wais called on the heads of states and governments to “engage the parties to sign the revitalized Agreement prepared based on IGAD’s bridging proposal”.

Link to article.

No to Machar in South Sudan government

22 June 2018

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South Sudan offered to allow a rebel representative to join its government, but ruled out rebel leader Riek Machar, saying they “had enough” of the man after five years of war against his group.

“Machar cannot be part of government”, Information Minister Michael Makuei Lueth told a news conference in the Ethiopian capital after President Salva Kiir met Machar there this week for the first time since a peace deal collapsed, leading to the deaths of hundreds of people in the South Sudanese capital of Juba.

Link to article.

“Christianity in Sudan” – CSI’s John Eibner contributes to Edinburgh Companions to Global Christianity

ZURICH, June 18, 2018

ZURICHJune 18, 2018 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ — Christians in Sudan are more vulnerable than ever,” according to John Eibner’s contribution to Christianity in North Africa and West Asiavolume 2 of the authoritative Edinburgh Companions to Global Christianity. This new volume is being launched today at Heythrop College, University of London.

Eibner’s contribution to the volume focuses on the Christian communities of the Republic of Sudan. Ever since Sudan attained independence in 1956, the Sudanese Christian community has confronted the ruling elite’s attempt to achieve “the restoration of Muslim and Arab supremacy after half a century of British rule.” In this environment, Eibner writes, “Christians were expected to accept politically and socially disadvantageous conditions of dhimmitude in accordance with the spirit, if not the letter, of Sharia norms.”

Islamization and Arabization failed in South Sudan, at the cost of two civil wars in which millions perished, but it intensified in North Sudan (today the Republic of Sudan) after the South’s secession in 2011.

In the religiously mixed Nuba Mountains and Southern Blue Nile regions of the Republic of Sudan, which have long been the scene of revolt against the central government in Khartoum, Christian communities are among the targets of the Sudanese military’s counterinsurgency campaigns. In the capital Khartoum and other cities, the government periodically arrests local Christian leaders and closes church buildings. Protestant denominations and those churches whose members have roots in the Nuba Mountains and the Southern Blue Nile bear the brunt of the persecution.

In the Republic of Sudan today, Eibner concludes, “Christianity is more vulnerable than ever,” due to both increased state pressure and decreasing interest from Western partners. However, despite severe trials and tribulations, Eibner notes that few Sudanese Christians believe that Christianity is destined to disappear from the country.

Christianity in North Africa and West Asia is edited by Kenneth Ross (University of Edinburgh), Mariz Tadros (University of Sussex), and Todd Johnson (Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary). It brings together contributions from thirty-eight authors to serve as a comprehensive reference guide to Christianity in every country in North Africa and West Asia.

Today’s book launch will feature a panel including contributors Eibner, Tadros, Hratch Tchilingirian, and Anthony O’Mahony, and introductory remarks by Ross. The launch takes place in the context of a conference on “Eastern Christian Tradition in the World Today,” hosted by the Centre for Eastern Christianity at Heythrop College, University of London.

Christian Solidarity International (CSI) is an international Christian human rights organization, campaigning for religious liberty and human dignity, and assisting victims of religious persecution, victimized children and victims of catastrophe.

Link to article.

Sudan central bank governor dies of heart attack-family

17 June 2018

KHARTOUM (Reuters) – Sudan’s Central Bank Governor Hazem Abdelqader has died from a heart attack while on a visit to Turkey, his family and the Sudanese presidential palace said on Saturday.

Born in 1960, Abdelqader served in various departments at the central bank from 1985 before he was appointed governor in December 2016.

Family members said the father of six was not known to be suffering from any illnesses.

Sudan’s economy has been grappling with a crippling hard currency shortage and a black market for dollars that pushed the central bank to devalue its currency to around 30 pounds to the dollar earlier this year from 6.7 pounds in late December.

Link to article.

Another electoral farce Sudanese should expect in 2020

18 June 2018

Sudanese Elections Scheduled for 2020 will be Fraught with Dangers andCounterfeiting like its predecessors

By Mahmoud A. Suleiman

The National Congress Party (NCP) regime’s Elections Scheduled for the year 2020 and kept orchestrating about it and deafened the ears by the repeated echoes is nothing but a kind of blatant Systematic deception to extend the already overextended term of office for the inept genocidal dictator Marshal Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir with the view to protect him from arrest by the International Criminal Court (ICC), which has been chasing him since early 2009 but remains fugitive from the international justice and a pariah of the world population. As it is known, during Electoral fraud criminal practices are resorted to by the National Congress Party (NCP) regime, where large numbers of voters were made to vote more than once, in addition to election manipulation, or vote rigging through illegal interference with the process of the election process, whether by increasing the vote share of the favoured candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both to which dictatorial regimes resort to in order remain in power indefinitely. The political game in the form of cheating and fraud during the callous reign of the (NCP) regime is not an exception! The people of Sudan under the reign of the (NCP) regime must have read the scholarly written essay entitled“From Dictatorship to Democracy, A Conceptual Framework for Liberation which is a book-length essay on the generic problem of how to destroy a dictatorship and to prevent the rise of a new one. The book was written in 1993 by Gene Sharp (b. 1928), a professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts. The book has been published in many countries worldwide and translated into more than 30 languages.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/From_Dictatorship_to_Democracy

Substantial evidence of voter fraud is rive during the over-prolonged reign of the (NIF)/(NCP) regime.

The National Islamic Front (NIF), and its heir the ruling National Congress Party (NCP), seized power in Sudan through the military coup on Friday, June 30, 1989, and overthrew the democratically elected government and then ruled through their corrupt racist regime, whose actions are contrary to the teachings of the Islamic religion, which they claim its monopoly for being staunch members of the International Muslim brotherhood Movement (MBM) and they continuing craving for another term of office for their Master of Grace, Omer Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir and believing that it would shield him from the gripping hand of the International Criminal Court (ICC) At The Hague in the Netherlands which the Marshall fears more than anything else.

As it is known throughout history and the human experience that the strategies dictators often use to survive include elections. James Tilley, a professor of politics at Oxford University, finds out what’s in the dictators’ survival guide; he found out how they manipulate apparently democratic procedures like elections to secure their rule. The survival guide is, somewhat surprisingly, called “elections”. Most countries now have elections, but dictators usually rig them. Today, election rigging is more sophisticated than simply stuffing ballot boxes. Dr Brian Klaas is a research fellow at the London School of Economics.

The answer to as to why so many of these leaders stay in power for so long is that most have a series of complementary strategies – a “dictator’s survival guide” – that over time entrench their rule.

Incentives to stay in power are so readily at hand for autocratic entities. So far, the dictators’ survival guide seems to imply that staying in power is not so difficult. Monitor and control the population, pay off a small number of influential people and use elections to demonstrate their power. And to some extent that’s true. Once dictators have ruled for a few years and mastered these levers of power they become very difficult to dislodge.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/5rsMGP3kjdLjXMxd1CLq00M/how-dictators-survive

The Dictator’s Survival Guide

When Robert Mugabe was deposed last year, he had ruled Zimbabwe for nearly four decades. How do dictators and authoritarians stay in power? James Tilley, a professor of politics at Oxford University, finds out what’s in the dictators’ survival guide. How do they control ordinary people and stop revolts? How do they stop rivals from taking over? And how do they manipulate apparently democratic procedures like elections to secure their rule? http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/5rsMGP3kjdLjXMxd1CLq00M/how-dictators-survive

This article has decided to open itself by a satirical statement allegedly made by a leading member of the Popular Congress Party (PCP), Kamal Omer Abdel Salam. Mr Abdel Salam has been quoted as saying: “Even if you run the elections inside your house, the ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) will get the votes of your children! Furthermore, on the 9th of June 2018, the Popular Congress Party (PCP) rejected the draft of the 2018 election law, which was discussed by the Council of Ministers on Thursday, saying it contradicted the outcome of the dialogue because the National Congress Party (NCP) had put it without the advice of the forces participating in the government of reconciliation. The (POP) said it rejects the draft electoral law and accuses the (NCP) of putting it on its own.

The US Administration under President Donald Trump is likely to turn a blind eye once again and offer its support to the NCP regime in view to “blind loyalty despite Omer al-Bashir’s crimes against the people of Sudan and tried to absolve it of any wrongdoing despite its egregious violations, deliberate massacres and wilful killings and war crimes which amounted to genocide in the Darfur region for which the International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrants against the Omer al-Bashir who remains fugitive from the International Justice since 2009..

The statements such as:”The need for commitment to the outputs of the national dialogue, which demanded the guarantee of personal freedom, public freedoms, human rights in movement, work and others guaranteed by the amended Constitution of the Sudan of 2005 and all international laws” will not find any listening ears during those forged electioneering process times in al-Bashir ruled Sudan.

Thus, such elections mean nothing for dispossessed and disenfranchised Sudanese citizens in the war-devastated region of Darfur. And it is similarly so for the other disadvantaged and the oppressed people in other regions in Sudan. Moreover, there will be an expected mass boycott of a charade election made to measure for the size of the professional fraudulent shaking of ballot boxes and emptying their contents into the boxes belonged to his party supporters. The so-called 2020 elections are nothing but another landslide win for al-Bashir who has ruled Sudan for the then 31 lean years of oppression and abject failures in all aspects of rule of law and Good governance. The 2020 elections are an inseparable part of the nefarious corruption that is still being practised by the so-called National Congress Party (NCP), with the fake nomenclature.

This is attributable to the fact that the regime of the International Muslim Brotherhood Movement (MBM) has the greatest ability to falsify the facts and adopt falsehood and take the word “Watan, translated homeland” stuck to its name to appear acceptable to the People whose collective consciousness was turned into oblivion through systematic brainwashing with religious slogans but at the same time denied of their rights of their country’s wealth and development for so long. It is very likely the showcasing popular apathy about elections to dominate the upcoming poll stations in the 2020 elections. Meanwhile, some news outlets loyal to the ruling party say that the party women are calling for Bashir to be re-elected for a new term. This type of news does not excite anyone, which is what is called the bad news for domestic consumption without legible content but at worse, it is expected to lead to more people following the action of not participating in the planned elections. Some clearly said that the vote is meaningless and that they will “not vote in the elections because they know the result in advance!

Furthermore, other members of the Sudanese people commented satirically about the alleged election of 2020 by stating that “There is only one candidate, who will win, and it’s the current president – the rest of the candidates are extras to legitimise the electoral process!”
Other commentators said adding that it isn’t fair that some regions are at devastating war while others are peaceful enough to vote.

Boycott 2020 Elections of Bashir’s Re-Enumeration is the motto for the next round of polls

A number of young people say about an election to be held in 2020 that the Sudanese people have tasted bitterness over the past 30 years at the hands of Omar al-Bashir, who overthrew democracy and led the country to bankruptcy, hunger, disease, displacement and genocide is not fit for purpose and never has been. These tragedies are enough to resort to boycotting the elections. And the people of Sudan should not help in empowering the dictator Bashir to continue to spread wars and corruption while the remaining land and people of Sudan are the targeted the victims for the sake of the satanic goal of the survival of al-Bashir in power to wreak havoc and pour into the earth corruption and spread the scourge of futile wars.

The ruling regime of the National Islamic Front (NIF) and its heir the National Congress Party (NCP) tried to apply Islamo-Arabic rule to non-Muslim groups such as the region of the South Sudan, which hastened the secession of the people of South Sudan to establish their own failed state, the Government of South Sudan. The tribal wars between the Dinka and the Nuer led to abject Failure to the chronic failures learned from the Arabist suffering from the psychological syndrome of inferiority complex. As it is said, the one who has nothing cannot give the other something!
Thus, Revolutionary Movements and the serious opposition in the Sudanese political parties are calling and demanding the removal of marginalisation and institutionalised injustice and call for the resisting and boycotting of the alleged elections. Let us not to offer legitimacy for the regime that never had legitimacy. This is because the (NCP) regime is not and has never been fit for purpose of nation-building, rule of law and good governance.

The political analysts indicate that the failures that accompanied the course of governance in Sudan seem mostly to the fact that the grassroots were not part of the equation. Despite multi-party system and parliamentary elections, the popular dimension was remarkably absent expect for election campaigns, but hardly any tangible presence in the socio-economic fields.

It is clear that Sudan is a security and police state par excellence, an intelligence apparatus, a state within a regime, and people oppressed.

The NCP government adopted in its plan to stop the war in Darfur on three axes that it worked to achieve simultaneously with the support of the international community: drying up the military presence of the armed movements in Darfur, collecting weapons and dismantling the camps of displacement and asylum through the voluntary return programme.

The Password is the organization of the rows in the face of the despotic regime.
These violations against humanity and against international law are taking place under international silence and complete failure by the joint United Nations and African Union peacekeeping mission in Darfur, and this silence on the crimes of the ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) opens the way for the continuation and aggravation and makes clear that the decision to withdraw UNAMID and restrict it to limited areas requires that the international forces reconsider these plans and work to provide full and adequate protection for the Sudanese citizens in the Darfur region.

Elections are marred by Fraud and the opposition challenged the results of the referendum that approved the new constitution, asking the court to nullify the result because it was marred by fraud.
There is no such thing as an election in Sudan; it is really a true succinct statement.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/13/sudan-elections-omar-al-bashir-darfur

The Sudanese Presidential and Parliamentary elections in 2020 will take place under a state of emergency. There is no level playing field for the Opposition Parties in the pre-election period.

The Leader of the Reform Movement Now Party in Sudan Dr. Ghazi Salah al-Din has been reported as attacking the government and demanding that it stop the steps of passing the election law immediately. It is important to bear in mind that Ghazi Salah al-Din was the closest to the ruling regime of the National Congress Party (NCP) and one of its founders and representative of the regime in the Darfur issue negotiations in Doha, Qatar in 2011. Moreover, Ghazi Salah al-Din confirmed that it is a violation of the recommendations of National Dialogue outcomes and a sound political practice!

Salah al-Din added saying the government should return to the foundation platform to issue a law to achieve national unity. This talk clearly indicates that the ruling regime has begun rigging the elections since now in 2018 and let alone in 2020!

The New election law puts more power in Bashir’s hands, authorising him to form an election commission. Thus, Omer al-Bashir hopes to hold the parliament hostage to amend the constitution and the electoral law to be able to run for a new term not approved by the current constitution. https://www.alrakoba.net/news-action-show-id-306815.htm

Frederick William Robertson, also known as Robertson of Brighton, who was an English divine, has been quoted as saying: “There are three things in the world that deserve no mercy, hypocrisy, fraud, and tyranny”.
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/topics/fraud
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_William_Robertson

The people of Sudan wonder whether the dictator al-Bashir and his corrupt entourage are going to the dustbin of history through the polls, or being overthrown through the mass uprising. That seems the Sixty-four-dollar question! We long to see it without waiting to happen! That has happened in both Modern and Ancient history. People should not lose hope; they were so patient before but they have to work and say at the same time and will win without a doubt. This is because the ruling regime is now in its weakest condition and even its closest supporters have abandoned it as if it were infested byScabies!

Burrhus Frederic Skinner, commonly known as B. F. Skinner, the American psychologist, behaviourist, author, inventor, and social philosopher has been quoted as saying: “The environment will continue to deteriorate until pollution practices are abandoned.”

Dr Mahmoud A. Suleiman is an author, columnist and a blogger. His blog is http://thussudan.wordpress.com

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